Social Studies 9 Jordon Woytas
Important People and Events
George Washington- He was appointed commander of the Continental Army on June 14, 1775. He lead the American Army to victory in Boston against the British. He then became the first American president in the USA. After the war, he went to Mount. Vernon. He took out and sent back all the British back to England.
Benjamin Franklin- He was one of the Founding Fathers of America, during the war he was the representative of Pennsylvania. One of the 5 members that drafted the Declaration Of Independence and was the Ambassador of France and got France on the Americans side. He also signed the major document with the other Founding Fathers.
Thomas Jefferson- He wrote the Declaration of Independence and he was the 3rd president of the USA. During the war he was US minister to France, Governor of Virginia, first secretary of state and vice president. He also lowered taxes and reduced the federal budget.
Sons of Liberty- was a secret society and was formed to protect the right of the colonies, best known for undertaking the Boston Tea party.
John Adams- he was the 2nd president and was also a founding father. he went to Europe to gain funding for the war and secured alliances with many countries. he worked on the Treaty of Paris.
Boston Tea Party- it was a protest against taxation, Samuel Adams and the sons of
liberty boated 3 ships and threw 342 chests of tea overboard.
Boston Massacre- was the first battle of the war, Britain dispatched 4000 troops in Boston, protecting mob clashed violently. with British regulars, it resulted in 5 Bostonians dead and made people look at British rules differently.
Stamp Act-was a tax put on the American colonies by the British in 1765, it said the people had to pay a tax on all printed materials. The stamps showed the colonies paid taxes on newspapers, colonies thought it was taxation without representation.
Quebec Act-was a rule imposed by the British Parliament to set the new authority of the province of Quebec in 1774.
8 Battle Summary of the American Revolution
Battle of Lexington and Concord- April 19, 1775. Lexington and Concord
It was the first military engagement of the American Civil war, the British army set out from Boston to capture rebel leaders and destroy the American storage of weapons. John Parker was leading the militia for the US. It was important because it was the first battle of the war.
Battle of Ticonderoga- July 5, 1777.
Fort Ticonderoga was strategically located on the route from the Hudson river in New York to British controlled Canada. It was captured by the patriots in 1775. Later George Nash ordered the forth cannons to be moved to Boston where he could use them to attack the British navy in 1777.
Battle of Bunker Hill- June 16, 1775-Boston was being besieged by thousands of American militia. The British were trying to keep control of the city and control its valuable sea ports. The British decided to take two hills, Bunker and Breeds, in order to gain a tactical advantage. The American forces heard about it and went to defend the hills.
Battle of Quebec- December 31, 1775- George Washington's continental army began moving to Quebec to free Quebec from British control, on the way Brigadier general Richard Montgomery led a regiment along lake Champlain and captured fort St. Jean and Montreal. Colonel Benedict Arnold led another army with 1100 men toward Quebec, they planned an attack from the side but went back to New York
The Continental Navy- 1775- the Continental Congress authorized the foundation of the Continental Navy by Commander Esek Hopkins, it was experienced in raiding British control ports. The best captain was John Paul Jones, he was able to capture the HMS Drake in 1778. He even led raids on British ports in England. This caused concern in Great Britain and weakened support for the war.
Battle of Trenton- December 26, 1776- Patriot troops had lost there confidence after the series of defeats in New York to boost confidence, they split into two groups to attack the enemy in Trenton. British hired professionals soldiers and attacked on Christmas eve.
Battle of Princeton- January 3, 1777- General George Washington moved his troops across the Delaware river in Pennsylvania to rest and resupply, the two armies had setup positions across from each other and was ready for battle. Cornwall's men made a sneak attack by leaving the campfires as 4600 man army attacked Princeton.
Battle of Monmouth- June 28, 1776
Outcomes of the American Revolution
The Declaration of Independence was created by the second Continental congress during the war between Great Britain and America that had been going on for about a year. They were trying to become there own country and brake off from the British empire, they were gonna fight for freedom. Thomas Jefferson wrote the first draft and Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Robert Livingston and Roger Sherman were the people that signed it and they became the founding fathers.
Was the American Revolution Justified
Some major things that helped the American Revolution was the Battle of Bunker hill because it was an important win for the Americans to help get their independence. There were many people that helped the Revolution like the founding fathers who were Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Roger Sherman, John Adams and Robert Livingston. There was George Washington who lead the Continental Army and then became the first president. I think the American Revolution was justified because it has helped many different nations around the world and has helped made our world as it is.