Malaysia

Priya L.-6th Period

Introduction

Malaysia is a beautiful country next to Thailand, Indonesia, and Brunei. It is also known as the "British Malaya." Malaysia is shaped like a fish & a helicopter racing down to the sea. It has a market economy for individuals to choose supplies and demand free enterprises. Malaysia exports electronic products, palm oil, natural gas, petroleum, chemicals, machinery, rubber, and wood. In 2012, Malaysia's population was 29.24 million. Malaysian's follow Islam and their ethnic group is the Malaysian Peninsula, and parts of Sumatra & Borneo. Most Malaysians live in the southern part of Malaysia. Malaysia's capital is Kuala Lumpur. Kuala Lumpur is a very beautiful place and it's known for this building called: Petronas Towers.

Slogan- "Unity is Strength"

Geography/Climate

Geography- Malaysia is a country located in Southeast Asia. Malaysia's land area is 329,847 km2. There are two distinct parts to this country being Peninsular Malaysia to the west and East Malaysia to the east. Peninsular Malaysia is located south of Thailand, north of Singapore and east of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. East Malaysia is located on the island of Borneo and shares borders with Brunei and Indonesia.


Climate- Malaysia weather benefits from a tropical climate with high temperatures and high humidity throughout the year. Daytime temperatures rise above 30°C (86°F) year-round and night-time temperatures rarely drop below 20°C (68°F). It is extremely rare to have a full day with completely clear sky even during periods of severe drought. On the other hand, it is also rare to have a stretch of a few days with completely no sunshine, except during the northeast monsoon seasons.

People/Culture

Malaysians consist of original people, Malays, Indians, Chinese, etc. Malaysia's population stands at around 23 million today, with about 85% living in Peninsular Malaysia, and about 15% in both Sabah and Sarawak. Due to its richness in natural resources, it attracted the Indians, Chinese and Europeans.


There are some indigenous ethnic groups, (ethnic groups that are out of the area), such as Peninsular Malaysians, Sabah's, Kadazan Dusun's, Bajau's, Murut's, Sarawak's, Iban's, Bidayuh's, Melanau's, and Orang Ulu's.


Peninsular Malaysians are also known as "Orang Asli's", which means original people. There made up of 3 tribal groups: Negrito, Senoi, and Proto-Malay.


Sabah's are Made up of Kadazan Dusun's, Murut's, and Bajau's. Kadazan Dusun's are the largest ethnic group of Sabah, and are 30% of the states population. Bajau's are the second largest ethnic group in Sabah, and are 15% of the states population. Murut's are the third largest ethnic group in Sabah, and make up 3% of the states population.


Sarawak's are also known as the Dayak's, and the Iban's, Bidayuh's, and Orang Ulu's are the major ethnic groups of Sarawak. Iban's are the largest ethnic group of Sarawak, and make up 30% out of 2.5 million. Bidayuh's are famous for their rice wine, are mostly farmers and hunters, and have a population of 200,000 people. Orang Ulu's have a population of around 100,000 people and have 300-25,000 people in each 27 tribes.


Melanau's are 6% of the population of Sarawak. They're found along the rivers and coastal plain of central Sarawak. Some Melanau's have converted to the religion of Islam, others have converted to the religion of Christianity.

Country Time Line

1.- From c.800-1300, Malaysia became a part of the Srivijaya Empire.

2.- In 1867, Singapore, Penang, and Malacca became crown colony of the British.

3.- From 1941-1945, Malaysia was occupied by Japan.

4.- In, 1946, The United Malays National Organization (UMNO) founded to oppose postwar political settlement.

5.- In 1948, 9 peninsular states federated as the Federation of Malaysia.

6.- In 1957, Malaysia's federation became independent, and Malaysia won it's independence from Great Britain.

7.- In 1963, They form the Federation of Malaysia with Singapore, Sarawak, and Sabah.

8.- In 1965, Singapore withdraws from Malaysia's Federation.

9.- In 1971, UMNO becomes Malaysia's dominant partner in Barisan Nasional (National Front) government.

10.- From 1981-2003, Mahathir Bin Muhammad becomes prime minister and imposes the authoritarian rule.

Government and Citizenship

Government- The Government of Malaysia comprises the federal, state and local government. Malaysia is a federation of 13 states operating within a constitutional monarchy using the Westminster parliamentary system and is categorized as a representative democracy. It consists of the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial branches.


Citizenship- A person must be 18 or older to vote. Education in Malaysia is overseen by one government ministries. The Ministry of Education handles matters pertaining to pre-school, primary school, secondary school, post-secondary school and tertiary education . Although education is the responsibility of the federal government, each state has an Education Department to coordinate educational matters in its territory. The main legislation governing education is the Education Act of 1996. Malaysian nationality law is the law that deals with citizenship.

Economy

Malaysia has a newly industrialized-market economy, which is relatively open and state oriented. In 2012, the economy of Malaysia was the third largest economy in South East Asia behind Indonesia and Thailand, and is also the 29th largest economy in the world.


As one of three countries that control the Strait of Malacca, international trade plays a large role in its economy. At one time, it was the largest producer of tin, rubber and palm oil in the world. Manufacturing has a large influence in the country's economy. Malaysia is the world's largest Islamic banking and financial center.


High levels of foreign and domestic private investment played a significant role as the economy diversified and modernized. Once heavily dependent on primary products such as rubber and tin, Malaysia today is a middle-income country with a multi-sector economy based on services and manufacturing. Malaysia is one of the world's largest exporters of semiconductor components and devices, electrical goods, solar panels, and information and communication technology (ICT) products.


Malaysia makes products, such as electronic products, palm oil, natural gas, etc.

Company List: Intel, Dell Asia Pacific, First Solar Malaysia, Malaysian Refining Company, and SCG Industries Malaysia

Company #1- Intel

One of the american companies who would be interested in Malaysia, is Intel. Intel produces PARTS of a computer, as well as internet and resource data bases. They also produce Microprocessors and semi-conductor devices, which is fueled by new Malaysian technological innovations. Intel would be interested in Malaysia, because they want to help find work that is just right for people's skills and desires. Because, when you find a career that fits, inspiration accelerates.

Company #2- DELL Asia Pacific

Another one of the american companies who would be interested in Malaysia, is DELL Asia Pacific. DELL produces the computerized sectors of Malaysia, and is noted as one of the technological power houses in the world. They also produce desktop and laptop personal computer systems, which stimulates Malaysian Ringgit. DELL Asia Pacific would be interested in Malaysia, for similar reasons as what is shown in Intel. Intel focuses on building on what consumers already have, but Dell would work on improving consumer life directly through technological innovation.

Company #3- First Solar Malaysia

Another one of the american companies who would be interested in Malaysia, is First Solar Malaysia. First Solar produces solar panels, solar grids, solar cells, and modules, and would help provide alternative energy sources to an environment with a relatively tropical climate. They would be interested in Malaysia, as they could easily take advantage of the trees absorption capabilities of the suns energy, due to its tropical climate.

Company # 4- Malaysian Refining Company

Another one of the american companies who would be interested in Malaysia, is the Malaysian Refining Company. The Malaysian Refining Company produces and transports barrels of petroleum, natural gases, liquefied petroleum gas, chemical naphtha, gasoline, etc., which would in turn provide effective transportation for the Malaysian masses. They would be interested in Malaysia, specifically as it would provide them with a challenge to innovate, due to the tropical biome of the Malaysians, and effectively create multiple terrain vehicles.

Company #5- SCG Industries Malaysia

The last american company who would be interested in Malaysia is, SCG industries Malaysia. SCG Industries transports efficient and clean water purifiers and produces alternative energy power plants, in Malaysia. They also produce water fabrication, which would give many impoverished Malaysians the cleanliness they need to thrive in their societies. They would be interested in places like Malaysia, specifically for the reason of novel irrigation techniques, that can withstand such harsh tropical climates, such as those shown to appear prominently in Malaysia. In turn, they could produce irrigation and water cleaners, that can withstand such ravage temperatures to reduce contamination.