College, Biological Warfare/Human Experimentation, Poverty

College Competition

- The most highly selective colleges now accept a third or less of their applicants. The Ivy League universities accepted fewer than 10% in 2009.


Curtis Institute of Music 3.2%

Juilliard School 6.0%

Harvard University 6.3%

Columbia University 7.0%

Stanford University 7.1%

United States Naval Academy 7.5%

Yale University 7.7%

Princeton University 8.5%

Brown University 8.9%

Massachusetts Institute of Technology 9.7%

Dartmouth College 10.1%

Explanation for why its harder than before seems to supply and demand: More high school graduates than ever are competing for seats in the freshman class. Also more people are graduating from high school each year;There are roughly 200,00 more high school graduates than there were five years ago.

Big image

Biological Warfare/Unethical Experimentation

-Bio. Weapons include any organism( such as bacteria, viruses, or fungi) or toxin found in nature that can be used to kill or injure people.

-Bio. weapons go by the name of agents. Delivery of agents can go through air by aerosol sprays-must be dispersed as fine particles, explosives, put in food or water-requires large amount of an agent for contamination of city's water supply, injected/absorbed- ideal for assassination.

-Detection of biological agents involves either finding it in the environment or medical diagnosis of the agents effect on human or animal victims.

-Protection: Masks, antibiotics, clothes-few agents tick to clothes, medical protection, and vaccinations.

"The threat that biological agents will be used on both military forces and civilian populations is now more likely that it was at any other point in history."

Big image

Unethical Human Experimentation

Unethical and Inhumane Human Experimentation Over the Past Two Centuries

  • mid 1800s- J. Marion Sims, considered the father of gynecology, developed his surgical methods by performing experimental surgeries on African slaves who had not been anesthetized
  • 1906- the United States performed cholera experiments on prisoners in the Philippines.
  • 1908- doctors in Philadelphia carried out a study that involved purposely infecting orphans with tuberculosis
  • 1915- many poor and orphaned Mississippi children were used in pellagra experiments.
  • four decades after 1932- almost 400 African-American men in Tuskegee, Ala. were left untreated for syphilis by the U.S. Public Health Service
  • 1946- doctors from the U.S. began a two-year project of attempting to infect Guatemalan soldiers, mental patients and prison inmates with syphilis
  • 1955- they infected disabled children at Staten Island's Willowbrook State School with hepatitis.
Before the 1970s- approximately 90 percent of pharmaceutical testing was performed on prisoners.
Some of the worst examples of using prisoners in human experimentation-- World War II by the Nazis and the infamous Japanese Military Unit 731.


Rich vs. Poor

- Almost 1/2 of the world-over 3 billion people-live on less than $2.50 per day.

- Bottom 20% v Top 20%

parent behind at bills at age 3: 34% v 2%
child exposed to smoke: 34% v 4%
parent used recreational drugs since birth of child: 10% v 3%
read daily at age 3: 45% v 78%
strictly enforced rules: 42% v 57%
regular bedtimes: 70% v 91%

“In other words, yes the poor sometimes make bad decisions, but that’s just because of the economic pressure they’re under.”

- Many developing countries are in debt and poverty due to policies of international institutions such as the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. It has required poor countries to reduce spending on things like health, education, and development, while debt repayment and other economic policies have been made the #1 priority. the IMF and the world bank have demanded that the poor countries lower the standards of living for their people.

Children under the age of 18 living in poverty

Black - 4,817- 38.2%

Hispanic - 6,110-35%

White - 5,002 - 12.4%

Asian - 547 - 13.6%

Big image
Big image