Asthma

Adam Davidson

Health issue

Asthma is a long-term condition that affects a persons breathing. People with asthma experience episodes of wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing and chest tightness due to widespread narrowing of the airways.

National health priority area

The National Health Priority Areas (NHPAs) are diseases and conditions that Australian governments have chosen for focused attention because they contribute significantly to the burden of illness and injury in the Australian community.

Why is Asthma a national health priority area

Asthma became Australia's sixth NHPA in recognition of the unacceptably high rates of the disease which now affects one in four Australian primary school children

Statistics of Asthma

-1 in 10 Australians are affected. That's over 2 million people

- There were 389 deaths due to asthma in 2013. That a death rate of 1.5 per 100,000 population

Causes for asthma (biological, behavioural, social determinants)

Biological- Asthma can be passed down from your parents. Childhood asthma usually occurs more in boys than it does girls.


Behavioural- Some activities that can trigger asthma are smoking, drinking, physical activity and even food allergies.


Social- Socially your friends can trigger asthma attacks, even when your just standing around them while they're are smoking that is why it is best to go inside when they are starting to smoke.

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Symptoms, treatment, preventions

Symptoms- symptoms for smoking can be coughing at night/during exercise, shortness of breath, chest tightening and even wheezing.


Treatment- There are only a few treatments for asthma and they can be asthma

treatments, asthma medications and an asthma inhaler.


Preventions- There is no real way to prevent asthma as it passed down by your parents, but if you talk to your doctor you can design a step by step plan to prevent asthma attacks from occurring.

Local support agencies for asthma

National Asthma Council Australia's (NACA) site has current information about asthma. The website also has a large section of asthma tools, resources for health professionals to use.

Health promotion strategies related to asthma

-You can establish a management and support systems for asthma-friendly schools.


-Provide asthma education and awareness programs for students and school staff.

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Incidence, age groups, genders of Australians with these conditions

Childhood asthma occurs more frequently in boys than in girls. It's unknown why this occurs, although some experts find a young male's airway size is smaller when compared to the female's airway, which may contribute to increased risk of wheezing after a cold or other viral infection. Around age 20, the ratio of asthma between men and women is the same. At age 40, more females than males have adult asthma.