Bessemer Process

By taj, Jonathan, Amir

Define

The Bessemer process was the first industrial process used for the mass-production of steel from melting pig iron. It was also the first inexpensive industrial process which was named after its inventor, Henry Bessemer. The process was later discovered independently by William Kelly in 1851.

Detail

Because the Bessemer process enabled the production of higher grade steel, things like railroads and the Chicago school of architecture, which fundamentally changed the appearance of the United States, sprung up. Great bridges and skyscrapers built in the late 1800's and the early 1900's would not have been possible without the Bessemer process. The bessemer process decreased the cost of steel production, thereby aiding the growth of factories and the Industrial Revolution. The price of certain artillery that used steel also dropped.

Significance

It made plentiful steel that was cheap and easier to produce, more money and improvements were made.