World religions

By Rajesh Nallamottu

Hinduism


a major religious and cultural tradition of South Asia, developed from Vedic religion. Polytheistic


Their major gods include

Shiva-the destroyer/transformer

Vishnu-the preserver

Brahma-the creator


Their major goddesses include

Saraswati- goddess of knowledge, music, and the arts

Lakshmi- goddess of wealth and prosperity

Parvati- the divine mother


Religious book

The Vedas

The Upanishads

The Mahabharata

The Ramayana


Major festivals likely to be observed by most Hindus are:
1. Holi - festival of colors and spring (February-March)
2. Mahashivaratri (Shiva Ratri) - night sacred to Shiva (February-March)
3. Rama Navami - birthday of Lord Rama (April)
4. Krishna jayante- birthday of Lord Krishna (July-August)
5. Raksābandhana - renewing bonds between brothers and sisters (July-August)
6. Kumbh Mela - pilgrimage every 12 years to four cities in India (July-August; last one 2003)
7. Ganesha-Chaturthi (Ganesha Utsava) - festival of Ganesh (August-September)
8. Dassera - victory of Rama over demon king Ravana (September-October)
9. Navaratri - festival of Shakti (in Bengal) or Rama's victory over Ravana (South India) (September-October)
10. Diwali - festival of lights and Laksmi (September-October)


Highly practiced rituals

Idol worship

Worshiping cow and plant tulasi

Wearing tiluk

Ceremonies during birth, marriage

Special rituals during death and funeral.


http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=zfeC5niJ7S0

Buddhism

a religion represented by the many groups (especially in Asia) that profess various forms of the Buddhist doctrine and that venerate Buddha. Monotheistic


Main god

Buddha- portrayed as teacher of the gods


Religious book

There is no religious book


Celebrations

Wesak

Vassa

Hana Matsuri

Festival of the sacred tooth


Rituals and practices

Meditation

Mantras

Mudras

Prayer wheels

Monasticism

Pilgrimage

Venerations of Buddhas and Deities


http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=IvZC4SHtuSM

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Judaism

the monotheistic religion of the Jews.



Main gods

Tetragrammaton

Elohim

El shaddai

Adonai

Elyon

Avinu


Religious book

The Hebrew bible


Festivals

Rosh hashanah

Yom Kippur

Passover of Pesach

The Hagaddah

Hanukkah

Bar and Bat mitzvah

The Shabbat


Highly practiced rituals

The mitzvot

The 613 commandments

The rabbinic law

The synagogue

Jewish worship and prayer

Keeping Kosher


http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=fAJ6dBXbIvs


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Christianity

the religion based on the person and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, or its beliefs and practices.



Main god

Jesus


Religious book

The holy bible


Holidays

Lent

Advent

Mardi Gras

All Saint's Day

Palm Sunday

Assumption Day

Reformation Day

Ash Wednesday

St. Andrews day


Highly practiced rituals

Attending church

Baptizing

Communion

Sacramentals


http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=Ut-UOhY0s8E

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Islam

the religion of the Muslims, a monotheistic faith regarded as revealed through Muhammad as the Prophet of Allah.



Main god

Allah


Religious books

Koran


Celebrations

Id ul-Fitr

Hajj

Id ul-Adha

Id Ul-Ghadir

Milad an-Nabi

Lailat al-Qadr


http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=yX3UHNhQ1Zk

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