Gaius Gracchus

and why he believed the expansion hurt rome

Biographical Background of Gaius Gracchus

Gaius was born in 153 B.C.E. Like his older brother Tiberius Gracchus he received a traditional Greek education including in philosophy , mathematics , Greek language and distinguished himself in military service. He was a flamboyant person, and a passionate and skilled speaker. After his brother was murdered in 133 B.C.E Gaius took up his brother's cause of helping the poor. Committed to political reform, he proved to be an even stronger opponent to the wealthy than his brother Tiberius Gracchus.

When he became leader of the assembly

Gaius was elected as leader of the people's assembly called a tribune in 124 B.C.E., and was reelected the following year. He supported measure that divided state lands from conquests and into smaller holdings and redistributed them to lower classes a law he passed created corn allowances or subsidies for poor living in the city. Government provided produced and money for food to guarantee that these people will not starve. Gaius built better roads and harbors thus helping the business and the system of taxing and the administering the law. This weakened the power of the senate. This became popular and most senators hated and feared him. Then when he ran for third term as tribune in 121 B.C.E., but Gaius lost the election and the senate went after him. A mob of soldiers and citizens attacked him and his supporters. After all that Gaius ordered his personal slave to kill Gaius.

points on romen expantion

The expansion caused of force movement or displacement but many of the small farms after years the only people that could afford good farms were in the roman republic and were wealthy land owners. Small farmers lost all there farms and left to the city particularly near rome. This caused over flooded condescension. By 133 B.C.E., the population in rome was more than 500,000 people. This also caused severe housing storage and family crowded together in small rooms and badly constructed apartments. Most apartment owners had to add floors to there buildings without proper reinforcements to take advantage of the housing storage problem. Most buldings callapsed and killed many. Overpopulation was made worse by unemployment. Rome did not have many factoryies and slaves held most of the jobs. Most citizens were forced to sell their boats to the assembly to get money to support themselves. Many poor romans were dependent on the government and tha ment that the government had to spent more money to provide for them. The price of corn-the food in which the poor relide on depended on whether supplies arived from africa or sicily. To solve this program the government sold it at half the advergae cost but to only city citizens. This encouraged more poor people to move to the overpopulated city. Which caused more unoployment. Crime increased drumatilacly. The weathly people had to had bodygaurds. The goverment had to had Gladioter, Games, food, and expensive events.