Peregrine Falcon

South and Central America

General Info and Description

The peregrine falcon is a bird of the falco falconidae group [Falco peregrinus]. It is a hunter and is one of the fiercest predators of the skies. One of its most remarkable abilities is that it can fly up to 389 km/h (242 mph) (in a dive). It has roughly the mass of a large crow, and can be grey or tan in color. (EEC, AAB)



Adaptation

Falco peregrinus has many traits for protection and hunting. It is also one of the few birds that has been known to attack eagles. The peregrine falcon has claws ranging from 2-4 cm (1-2 inches). Its wingspan covers roughly 1.33-2 m (3-6 feet). It has a hooked beak that ranges between 2-6 cm (1-3 inches) which it uses to snag and tear apart its victim. A miraculous aerodynamic set of feathers allows it to dive at an average of 322 km/h (200 mph) and come down suddenly on its ususpecting prey. (EEC, Lib)

Habitat

The peregrine falcon has a typical habitat for a bird of prey. Its known habitation areas include cliff-sides and other extremely steep and tall ledges like most carnivorous birds, but it also inhabits skyscrapers and tall buildings. It mainly lives in drier areas, but can live in more humid environments. Populating most of the Americas, it lives in the sub-coastal regions. (Lib)

Diet

The peregrine falcon is one of the most carnivorous birds in the animal kingdom, and resides at the top of the food chain, along with eagles, hawks, and other birds of prey. The peregrine falcon has a straight-forward diet consisting mostly of medium-sized birds and large rodents, such as pigeons and chinchillas. Although it mainly hunts birds, this large predator will hunt even small rodents like rats and squirrels, picking them off one by one from the ground. (EEC, Lib)

Critical Info and How you can Help

Information and Copyright Links

Adaptation Photo - Topdog1 <http://www.flickr.com/photos/machefsky/58216183/>

Description Photo - qwincowper <http://www.flickr.com/photos/syncro/2354573600/>

Habitat Photo - DavMaherPhotos <http://www.flickr.com/photos/daveinmaine/3435793384/>

Diet Photo - JohnCramerPhotography <http://www.flickr.com/photos/johngcramer/5708946171/>

DDT Photo - tlang <http://www.flickr.com/photos/tlang/2703769063/>

Baby Falcon Photo - Topdog1 <http://www.flickr.com/photos/machefsky/62176939/>

South America Map Photo - thejourney1972 (south america addicted) <http://www.flickr.com/photos/thejourney1972/3385864064/>

Falcon Video - Mikallef, Charlo. Web. "youtube.com" saker-falcon-dive. 30 May, 2010. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i3A_hOzrV7E>. 22 April, 2013

saker falcon dive

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