Papua New Guinea


•new guinea highlands


•Papuan peninsula

•mount wilham is the highest point of Papua New Guinea at 14,793 ft.

•surrounded by coral reefs

•many active volcanoes


Papua New Guinea has a tropical climate with spring and fall monsoons.

Plants and Animals

•diverse amount of species

•southern crowned pigeon (largest pigeon in the world)

•red-breasted Pygmy parrot (smallest parrot)

•monitor lizards

•almost 20,000 different types of plants

•rain forest plants

Natural Resources




•natural gas





•Portugese and spanish explorers found New Guinea in early 16th century

•Queensland tried to annex the south-eastern part of New Guinea in 1883

•the southern coast of New Guinea was finally officially annexed in 1884 by Britain.

•1884 was also when Germany took control over the northeast quarter of the island.

•full independence wasn't established until 2001

People and Languages

•The main languages are Tok Pisin, English and Hiri Motu.

•there are four main ethnic groups: New Guineans, Papuans, Highlanders, and Islanders.

Land Use

•98% of land is natural vegetation/rainforests

•1.4% is used for permanent crops

•.6% is arable land

Religion and Education

Papua New Guinea is surprisingly predominantly Christian. The Christian religion is heavily integrated into their school system with a Christian study class once a week. As far as education goes, nationally, the available resouces can only provide school for kids through grade ten. After that there are only 4 schools in the entire country that teaches grades 11 and 12.

Current Issues

There is severe deforestation going on within Papua New Guinea. Around the areas with mining, pollution is a major issue. Drought is also an issue, considering most of the relied income is farming based.