Papua New Guinea
Plants and Animals
•diverse amount of species
•southern crowned pigeon (largest pigeon in the world)
•red-breasted Pygmy parrot (smallest parrot)
•almost 20,000 different types of plants
•rain forest plants
•Portugese and spanish explorers found New Guinea in early 16th century
•Queensland tried to annex the south-eastern part of New Guinea in 1883
•the southern coast of New Guinea was finally officially annexed in 1884 by Britain.
•1884 was also when Germany took control over the northeast quarter of the island.
•full independence wasn't established until 2001
People and Languages
•The main languages are Tok Pisin, English and Hiri Motu.
•there are four main ethnic groups: New Guineans, Papuans, Highlanders, and Islanders.
•98% of land is natural vegetation/rainforests
•1.4% is used for permanent crops
•.6% is arable land