Prostate Cancer

Definition

Prostate cancer is a cancer that starts in the prostate gland. The prostate is a small, walnut-sized structure that makes up part of a man's reproductive system.

Symptoms

  • Delayed or slow start of the urinary system
  • Leaking of urine
  • Slow urinary stream
  • Blood in the urine
  • Bone pain or tenderness, most often in the lower back and pelvic bones, only when the cancer has spread.

Causes

Risks

  • Men who have been around Agent Orange
  • Men who use to much alcohol
  • Farmers
  • Painters
  • Tire Plant Workers
  • Men who eat a diet high in fat, especially animal fat
  • Men who have been around Cadmium

Statistics

In 2009

  • 206,640 men in the United States were diagnosed with prostate cancer.
  • 28,088 men in the United States died from prostate cancer.

Treatment

Treatment depends on many things, including your overall health.


Early Stage

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
If the cancer has spread

  • Surgery
  • Hormone therapy
  • Chemotherapy

Prevention

How to lower your risks with a diet


  1. Low-fat
  2. High in Omega-3 fatty acids
  3. Vegetarian


Diagnosis

Most prostate cancers are first found during screening. Can also be found with a blood exam, or a digital rectal exam. Early prostate cancers usually do not cause symptoms, but more advanced cancers can be found because of first symptoms.

Sources

Board, A.D.A.M. Editorial. Prostate Cancer. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 18 Jan. 0001. Web. 26 Apr. 2013.


"How Is Prostate Cancer Diagnosed?" How Is Prostate Cancer Diagnosed? N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2013.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 20 Dec. 2012. Web. 26 Apr. 2013.