Colonists' fight for Independence

What they endured during their fight

Before we were an independent country

Before 1776, America was not independent country. It was a group of colonies, controlled by England. The colonists couldn't make their own laws or have their own government, they were allowed to trade with England, and they paid high taxes to England which was difficult.

French and Indian war leads to proclamation of 1763

The French and Indian war was a war between Britain and the Indians, because colonists kept pushing the Indians west. Which leads to the Proclamation of 1763 which was the law prohibiting the colonists to move west of the Appalachian Mountains, because England was still in debt from the war and didn't want to start another one.

Stamp Act

This was a tax on every sheet of every legal document, Britain needed money because they were in debt from the war so they taxed the colonists.

Townshend Acts

This used all the money collected for imported goods to pay the salaries of British soldiers. They also caused a tax for glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea.

Boston Massacre

This was a clash between British troops and a group of colonists in which five colonists were killed. Some colonists started throwing snowballs in front of the Boston Customhouse. The soldiers became nervous and started shooting.

Tea Act leading up to the Boston tea Party

This was a tax on all imported tea from Britain. The colonists boycott against British goods had hurt their trade so the British repealed the Townshend Acts after the Boston Massacre. The Boston Tea Party was the result of the Tea Act. In 1770, many people in America began to protest England's control. Three years later, England made a law that said the colonists must pay a tax on tea. In December of 1773, three British ships with boxes of tea came to Boston Harbor in Massachusetts. A group of colonists wearing Native American clothes went onto the British ships. They threw all the boxes of tea into the water and it was all destroyed.

Because of the boston tea party

The Intolerable Acts were passed. They were four strict laws that gave the British a sense of more control over the colonies. First of all, they closed down the port of Boston until the colonies paid for all of the tea they threw into the Boston Harbor. Second, they forbade any meetings without the governor's permission. Next, they made the colonists house and feed British troops. Finally, instead of British officials being tried for crimes in the colonies they would be tried in Britain. Also, King George the third appointed General Thomas Gage the new governor of Massachusetts.

First Continental Congress

After the Boston Tea Party, there was more problems and fighting. In 1774, the Colonists had an important meeting in Pennsylvania called the First Continental Congress. At this meeting, representatives from the colonies talked about their problems. They were preparing for a revolution. Thomas Jefferson wrote an important document called the Declaration of Independence. It said that the people of America wanted to be free from England. The Declaration of Independence also said that “all men are created equal,” and that everyone has “the right to life, liberty and happiness.”

Revolutionary War

War between the American colonies and England started in 1775. This war, called the Revolutionary War, did not end until 1783. General George Washington was the leader of the American Army. Washington’s army didn't have much food, clothing, or supplies. The British army was stronger, bigger, and had more of everything, but they refused to give up. They lost many battles but they ended up wining the war. During the war all kinds of Americans fought; farmers, sailors, business owners, and teachers became soldiers, also many African Americans helped. The woman worked on the farms while the men fought. They also grew food, made clothes for the army, and took care of hurt soldiers. France also helped by sending soldiers and supplies.

July 4, 1776

On this day the Declaration of Independence was signed. Representatives from all thirteen colonies signed the paper. The war was not finished yet, but this was the beginning of American independence. Today, we celebrate Independence Day in the United States every year on July 4th.