What is Schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is a serious disorder which affects how a person thinks, feels and acts. Someone with schizophrenia may have difficulty distinguishing between what is real and what is imaginary; may be unresponsive or withdrawn; and may have difficulty expressing normal emotions in social situations
Genes and environment may play a role in schizophrenia, it occurs in 10 percent of people who have an immediate relative that also has the disorder. A chemical imbalance can also play a role, neurotransmitters dopamine and glutamate being effected. The ventricles in the brain are larger in some people with the disorder and they have less gray matter than the average person.
The most common symptom in schizophrenia is hallucinations. The person may hear "Voices", telling them about their behavior, ordering them to do things, and warn them of danger. They may also suffer from paranoia.
Since the causes of schizophrenia are still hazy, treatment is focused on eliminating the symptoms. Some treatments include:
Perphenazine (Etrafon, Trilafon),
These are all antipsychotic medications.