Physical Geography


  • The Philippines are located to the south of Taiwan, north of Indonesia, and east of Malaysia and Vietnam.
  • The capital of Vietnam is Manila. Manila is located at 4°35' N 121° E.


  • Philippines are located near the equator therefore they do not have all four seasons. The temperature is fairly consistent, so the seasons are based upon the rainfall. There are two seasons the Philippines experience: wet season and cold season.
  • The wet season is from June to October and the dry season is from December to May.

Land and Water Forms

  • An archipelago is a group of islands, such as the islands of the Philippines, and these are located on the ring of fire.
  • An isthmus, such as the Isthmus of Manila located in the Philippines, is a small piece of land connecting two larger land masses.
  • Wetland is caused by a soft, low area that is flooded. Candaba Swamp in the Philippines is an example of a wetland.
  • River is a long, narrow body of water reaching into the ocean, and an example of ths in the Philippines is the Cagayan River.
  • Seas, such as the Philippine sea, were formed billions of years ago when earth experienced rain for thousands of years.
  • Islands are formed when plates shift and form volcanoes. Volcanoes erupt and form islands. An example of an island in the Philippines is Luzon.
  • Mountains, such as Mount Apo in the Philippines, are cause by the collusion of plate tectonics that move the land upwards forming a mountain.
  • Valleys are the low lands in between two mountains, and valley in the Philippines is Alah Valley.
  • Ocean was caused by thousands of years of rain 3.8 billion years ago. The Pacific Ocean is located to the east of the Philippines.
  • Peninsulas, which are areas of land that have water surrounding three of its sides, are caused by the erosion of water around the land. The Bataan Peninsula is an example of a peninsula in the Philippines.
  • Gulfs are caused by water erosion of the land forming a slightly enclosed body of water that attaches to the ocean. The Davao Gulf is a gulf located in the Philippines.


  • The Philippines have a tropical rainforest climate, such as high temperatures, high humidity, and high rainfall.
  • June to October, or wet season, the Philippines experience much rain.
  • The Philippines experience a monsoon from June to October, which is a wind that comes from the southwest that brings rainy weather (which causes the wet season).


The biomes found in the Philippines are:

  • Tundra
  • Taiga

  • Desert Grassland

  • Tropical Rain Forest

  • Temperate Rain Forest

  • Temperate Deciduous Forest

  • Chaparral (Scrub Forest)

Natural Disasters

  • The Philippines have endured a number of natural disasters such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, tornadoes, and famine.

  • The reason for all of these disasters is simply because the Philippines are located on the ring of fire.
  • Here is a list of the natural disasters the Philippines have experienced:
    • 1645 Luzon earthquake

    • 1880 Luzon earthquakes

    • 1994 Mindoro earthquake

    • 2010 Mindanao earthquakes

    • 2012 Visayas earthquake

    • 1968 Casiguran earthquake

    • 1990 Luzon earthquake


"Climate in the Philippines." the Philippines. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2013. <

"Recent Natural Disasters In Philippines-Kamakailang mga Natural na kalamidad Sa Pilipinas | Recent Natural Disasters."Recent Natural Disasters. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2013. <>.