Sri Lanka

My Asian Assessment Task

Country

Capital-The capital of Sri Lanka is a large city called Colombo

Map-Sri Lanka, formerly known as Ceylon, is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, separated from India by a narrow strait. It is about the same size as Tasmania. The northern part of the island consists of flat and gently rolling plains, while the south central region varies from hilly to mountainous.

Geography

Climate-The climate is very warm all year round (average about 30°C), except in the milder highlands. Monsoon rains drench the southwest (in May-August) and the northeast (in October-January).

People

Population-The population of Sri Lanka is 20.4 million people

Religion- Most Sinhalese are Buddhists and most Tamils are Hindus; about six% of Sri Lankans are Christians and seven% are Muslims.

Language- Sinhala (74%) and Tamil (18%) are the two national languages, while English is widely used in urban areas as a “link language”.

Customs/Beliefs-The culture of Sri lanka has been influenced by many factors but has managed to retain much of its ancient aspects. Mostly it has been influenced by its long history and its Buddhist heritage. The country has a rich artistic tradition, embracing the fine arts including music, dance and visual arts. Sri Lankan lifestyle is reflected in the cuisine, festivals, and sports.


History Highlights

Economy-Economic development has been hampered by ethnic conflict, poverty and unemployment. Spending on the military during the course of the civil war left less money available for other needs. But the end of the conflict with the LTTE has opened the door for reconstruction and development projects in the country’s north and east.

Agriculture employs more than 30 percent of the workforce. Due to land redistribution in the past, most rural families have at least a small plot on which to grow rice or vegetables. Tea is the leading export crop, grown on state owned plantations. Plantation workers (mostly Indian Tamils) are among the nation’s poorest people. Manufacturing, especially garment-making, has become a major income earner for Sri Lanka. At least one million Sri Lankans are unemployed.

Education- 90 percent of adults are able to read and write. Enrolment rates are high for both girls and boys, at primary and secondary levels. Schooling is free, but not all parents can afford books, and some children drop out or miss school because their help is needed at home or in the fields. Schools in isolated or low-income areas tend to be under-staffed and ill-equipped. Schools and universities have been closed from time to time because of conflict.


Health-Most children are immunised against killer diseases such as measles and polio. However, many still suffer from malnutrition and from illnesses linked to contaminated water or poor sanitation. Malaria (spread by mosquitoes) has proved difficult to control.


Living Conditions-Sri Lanka has made impressive progress in reducing child deaths, increasing life expectancy. Unfortunately, many families still live in poverty. many people suffer from malnutrition and from illnesses linked to contaminated water or poor sanitation. Meals of rice with curry, vegetables and sometimes fish are cooked over an open fire or on a clay stove. Poorer urban neighbourhoods are crowded. Entire families may live in a single room, or several in a subdivided derelict house.


Natural resources-Sri Lankas natural resources are: limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay and hydropower


Environmental issues-Large areas of the native forest have been cleared, resulting in soil erosion. This deforestation also threatens the wildlife population. Deforestation caused by shifting cultivation, timber exploitation, fuel wood collection, encroachment of agriculture on forests. Pollution of water bodies, coastal eco systems and beaches caused by the discharge of industrial pollutants and raw sewage. Situation of reservoirs built for irrigation and /or hydro power generation purposes. Atmospheric pollution from vehicle emissions and industries.