Locke Vs Jefferson

By: Sara Lawrence

Quotes

1) "A state also of equality, wherein all the power and jurisdiction is reciprocal, no one having more than another; there being nothing more evident, than that creatures of the same species and rank, promiscuously born to all the same advantages of nature, and the use of the same faculties. . ."-John Locke


2) "In these and the like cases, when the government is dissolved, the people are at liberty to provide for themselves, by erecting a new legislative, differing from the other, by the change of persons, or form, or both, as they shall find it most for their safety and good:"-John Locke


3) "But though this be a state of liberty, yet it is not a state of Licence. . .The state of nature has a law of nature to govern it, which obliges every one: and reason, which is that law, teaches all mankind, who will but consult it, that being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions…"-John Locke


4) "There is one way more whereby such a government may be dissolved, and that is: When he who has the supreme executive power neglects and abandons that charge, so that the laws already made can no longer be put in execution;"-John Locke


5) "There is therefore, secondly, another way whereby governments are dissolved, and that is, when the legislative, or the prince, either of them, act contrary to their trust. First, The legislative acts against the trust reposed in them, when they endeavour to invade the property of the subject, and to make themselves, or any part of the community, masters, or arbitrary disposers of the lives, liberties, or fortunes of the people."-John Locke

Similarities & Comparisons

1) In this quote, John Locke is expressing the importance of equality. He states, that no matter a persons rank or ability, everyone should be valued equal.


2) When the government breaks apart, society should be capable of recreating their own sanctified government.


3) That even though our country has the sanction of liberty and justice, there are always limitations. No one man, should have power over another.


4) Another way that the government can be broken apart, that is when a person in charge neglects their duties. Those duties lose purpose and become diminished by society.


5) When one man loses trust with another, all trust becomes stale.

Summary

The two upmost important quotes within the declaration would be, "A state also of equality, wherein all the power and jurisdiction is reciprocal, no one having more than another; there being nothing more evident, than that creatures of the same species and rank, promiscuously born to all the same advantages of nature, and the use of the same faculties. . ."-John Locke and "But though this be a state of liberty, yet it is not a state of Licence. . .The state of nature has a law of nature to govern it, which obliges every one: and reason, which is that law, teaches all mankind, who will but consult it, that being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions…"-John Locke. Quote one, explains the value of each individual. Everyone is created equal and should be treated as so. Quote three, states no one man has full power over another. Those two quotes are entirely the most valuable of the declaration. Freedom and equality are what our nation has fought for and have been shown proudly within the declaration.