Civil Rights Movement
Malcolm X, Stokely Carmichael, & MLK Jr.
Malcolm X was the public voice of the Black Muslim faith, he challenged Martin Luther King Jr.'s nonviolent pursuit of integration. Malcolm's views were to defend yourself against any white aggression "by any means necessary." He was born Malcolm Little and he changed his last name to X to show his rejection of his "slave" name. Malcolm became an influential leader of the Nation of Islam, which combined Islam with black nationalism encouraged young blacks searching for confidence in segregated America. Malcolm X was assassinated in 1965. He laid the foundation for the Black Power movement of the late 1960s and 1970s.