Spanish society in the 19th century

Economy and industralitation, society and Art and culture

ECONOMY AND INDUSTRALITATION

The Industrial Revolution was late and slow and only arrived in places like The Basque Country, catalonia and large cities.


Most of the population still workingin the fields with underdeveloped technology.


Modern forms of transport, like railway, didn't appear until the second half of the century, the steam locomotive and steamship became the main forms of transport. The first trainline was between Brarcelona and Mataró in 1848

SOCIETY

The bourgeosie became rich and thanks to the arrival of liberal ideas, they also became the dominant social class. Wealth became the basis for the new social classes, bourgeosie, were the upper class, they live in modern neighbourhoods called ensanches.


The industrial Revolution brougth serious social problems, working conditions and even child explotation, the peasants also lived in extremely poverty, the reason for the political demands or the working class. The cities had poor neighbourhoods, the poorest lower classes lived here.

ART AND CULTURE

ROMANTICISM

-At the beginning of the century, revolutionary atmosphere and faraway places.

REALISM

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In the middle of the century, writers and painters decided to show disadvantaged aspects of the industrial society.

IMPRESIONISM

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At the end of the century, impresionist painters were influence in technological advances.

GENERATION OF 98

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A group of writers and intelectuals who criticised Spanish society.

SCIENTIFIC ADVANCES

-Several researches achieved scientific advances, for example, Ramón and Cajal, first nobel price for science.
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