Middle Colonies

Delaware, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania

Delaware

Delaware was founded in 1638 by Peter Minuit. It was named after Lord De La Warr, who previously was a harsh governor in Virginia in 1610. The colonists of Georgia made their money by producing and selling cattle, grain, rice, indigo, and wheat. Delaware was a Royal colony. Delaware was not a big colony, it was roughly around 2,489 square miles. The Nanticoke and the Lenni Lenape tribes inhabited the area before the English colonists arrived. There was not a set religion in Delaware, but the most popular religions were the Quakers, Catholics, Lutherans, and the Jewish.

New York

The New York Colony was founded in 1664 by the Duke of York and other colonists on Manhattan Island. It was named after the Duke of York. The New York colonists made their money by having good farmland, being in the fur trade, and selling coal and iron. New York was governed as a Proprietary colony. The New York colony population was estimated to be around 4,936. The Iroquois tribe and the Algonquian tribe inhabited the area when the colonists arrived. The was no certain religion in the New York colony in 1664.

New Jersey

New Jersey was founded in 1664 by Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret. It was named after the British island of Jersey. The colonists of New Jersey made their money by mixed farming. They sold cattle, grain, rice, indigo, and wheat. New Jersey was a Proprietary colony. New Jersey was also not a very big colony, it was around 8,723 square miles. The tribe called Lenni Lenape inhabited the area when the colonists arrived. There was also no certain religion in the New Jersey colony in 1664. .

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn in 1682. King Charles II of England specified in the charter given to William Penn that the name should be Pennsylvania. This is a combination of the Latin word 'Sylvania' meaning woodland together with Penn. Pennsylvania colonists made their money by mixed farming and producing and selling wheat. Pennsylvania was a Proprietary colony. The Shawnee tribe & The Seneca tribe were the two most popular tribes in Pennsylvania in 1682. Not dominated by a specific religion, Pennsylvania gave way to religious freedom for Quakers, Catholics, Lutherans, Jews, and others.