Overview of Johnson's Plan

By Brandon Holandez

Freedmen's Bureau

Andrew Johnson would veto this bill. It put one group of people over another, it would create controversy with state rights, and it would be a huge financial burden.

Civil Rights Act 1866

Andrew Johnson vetoed this bill, however overrode his veto. He thought it was another step towards centralization and concentrated on legislative power in the federal government.

Black Codes

Laws created by South Carolina to restrict African American (have to be at least 1/8th black) freedoms.


1. Blacks were allowed to own property, work and get married with ownership of the children. However it was illegal for a black person to marry a white one.

2. Courts were allowed to apprentice black children even if they didn't want to. This ends until a male child is 21 or a female is 18. However they were supposed to clothe, feed and send the children to school.

3. Blacks were not allowed to own firearms or sell liquor. They were also not allowed into the state without promising good behavior. They were not allowed to sell farmed products without consent of a white employer. The only job the were allowed to have were farmer and servant without getting a license from a judge.

Was life truly better?

In South Carolina, life was somewhat better for the African Americans. They were not slaves and they did get paid by their "masters". They did have more rights and they were able to go to schools. Their life was better because they weren't complete slaves; where they didn't have nearly as much as they do in this time period.