Colonial Craftsmen

Taylor Faulkner

Introduction

Have you ever learned or heard about craftsmen? Well craftsmen have a lot of processes that they need to get done. The purpose of a craftsmen is making things for there house and for themselves. If you were a craftsmen, weaving was very important in your life. Soap making is a lot of work but it was worth it. Candles and lamps are close to the same thing because they both are a source of light. Also, candles are a big part in life. In this book you will learn all about craftsmen and how they go through all the processes just to make crafts.

Weaving

First, if you were a craftsmen, weaving was very important. You would need weaving throughout being a craftsmen. Craftsmen start making clothes by crossing two sets of thread over and under each other. They do that to start making clothes. Did you know that there were three types of weaves? There names are first, the plain weave next, the twill weave and finally, the satin weave. They have those so craftsmen would have different felling in clothes. First, the plain weave is also called a tabby weave. The plain weave is the most simplest and most common type of weave. They have that weave for people how would want to learn or start to weave. Second, the twill weave produces sturdy clothes that has raised diagonal lines. Last but not least the satin weave. The satin weave makes soft, luxurious fabrics, such as damask, sateen and satin. Woman and girls in the New England Colonies spent a great deal of their time spinning thread and weaving clothes. They did that so there families had clothes to wear. Woman took many hours weaving. Mothers had to stretch hundreds of wrap threads from the front to the back of her loom. Also, mothers had to stand up when they used there spinning wheel. They had to do that so they would get there jobs done. This was all about weaving as a craftsmen in the colonial life.

Soap Making

Second, soap making is a lot of work but it is worth it. During the long winter months, colonial housewives saved waste grease and bits of fat. They did so they would be prepared for the spring because people usually made soap in the spring. Some colonists made hard soap by adding salt to the mixture. While the lye and fat were boiling the part that is soap rose to the top. As it cooled it hardened. Then the soap was taking from the kettle and cut into squares. Some colonists did not bath to often because they believed it was bad for there health and they believed that it would rod off the skin of precious oils that protected a person from diseases. Colonists only bathed a few times a year but washed everyday. That was about making soap and what colonists thought of bathing.

Candles and Lamps

Third, Candles and lamps are close to the same thing because they both are a source of light. Also, candles are a big part in life. A wooden tray lay underneath the poles to catch tallow from the dripping wicks. They were dipped again and again until all the candles were the right size. As colonists built larger, finer houses, they used more and more candles. They did that so there house would look all nice and bright. England made very good candles out of the wax of bayberries. Other candles were made from tallow, bayberries, beeswax and spermaceti. Candles and lamps that burned animal fat provided extra light. So that your home will be much brighter. Itinerant candle makers went from house to house taking charge of candle making in the household. So colonists do make candles and lamps. They do that to light up there homes.

Conclusion

Craftsmen get to do what they want to do. They are even hard workers. First, it was not the weaving that was important it was the clothes. Next, soap making was not just work it was also fun in the colonial life. Finally, in the colonial days candles and lamps where a big part in life. So think to yourself would you like to be a craftsmen in colonial life? Well if I were you I would love to be a craftsmen.

Glossary

1.Colonists- is an habitant of the 13 British colonies that became the United States of America.

2.Craftsmen-a Craftsmen is a person who practices or is highly skilled in a craft.

3.Satin Weave-Satin weave is one of the basic weave structures in which the filling threads are interlaced with the wrap at widely separated intervals, producing the effect of an unbroken surface.

4.Twill Weave-Twill weave is one of the basic weave structures in which the filling threads are woven over and under two or more wrap yarns, producing a characteristic diagonal pattern.

Sources

Books:

*Colonial America English Colonies, Margaret Fisher and Mary Jane Fowler, copyright date 1988.

*Colonial Life Bobbie Kalman, copyright date 1992.

*Early American Crafts Tools, Shops and Products, C.B Colby, copyright date 1967.

*Home In Colonial Days, Alice Morse Earle, copyright date 1975.

Online:

*Gunderson, Joan R."Colonial Life In America." World Book,2015.Web. 25 Feb. 2015.

*Meilach,Dona Z. "Weaving" World Book Student. World Book, 2015. Web. 4 Mar, 2015.