Phillip II of Spain
Early life and marriages
Philip contracted four marriages. The first was with his cousin Maria of Portugal in 1543. She died in 1545, giving birth to the ill-fated Don Carlos. In 1554 Philip married Mary I of England and became joint sovereign of England until Mary’s death
Phillip II and the divine right
The wars of Phillip II
Philip's dominions in 1580
Phillip saw England,s Queen Elizabeth I as his chief Protestant enemy.
English attacks and subdue the Dutch, Phillip prepared a huge armada,or fleet, to carry a Spanish invasion force to England .