Republican Party History & Views

Grand Old Party GOP

The Republican Party

The republican party started on March 20, 1854. The party started due to the Missouri Compromise of 1820. It is nicknamed the Grand Old Party (GOP) because it shows that we move on from the old to continue to the new. The first president that won the republican party was President Abraham Lincoln.

First Two- Party System

They emphasized states' rights. They had a "strict" interpretation of the constitution. The had a preference for agriculture and rural life. They strengthened in the south and west. They believed that foreign policy sympathized with France. They stressed civil liberties and trust in the people.

Mid- 19th Century Political Crisis

They formed in 1854 when a coalition of Independent Democrats, Free Soilers, and Conscience Whigs united in opposition to the Kansas-Nebraska Bill. They stressed free labor and opposed the extension of slavery in the territories. Moderates like Abraham Lincoln could therefore oppose slavery on "moral" grounds as wrong while admitting that slavery had a "right" to exist. John C. Fremont was the first republican candidate in the election of 1856.

Election of 1860

The Republicans, by this time a overtly sectional and decidedly opposed to slavery draw in most northerners with a platform favoring a homestead act, a protective tariff, and transportation improvements. The platform opposed the extension of slavery but defended the right of states to control their own "domestic institutions."

Politics of the Gilded Age

Party differences started to blur during this period with loyalties, determined by region, religious, and ethnic differences. Voter turnout for presidential elections averaged over 78% of eligible voters; 60 to 80% in non- presidential years. Both parties were pro-business. Both parties were opposed to any type of economic radicalism or reform. Both parties advocated a "sound currency" and supported the status quo in the existing financial system. Federal government and to some extent state governments tended to do very little.They dominated the Senate. The splinter groups during this period: were Stalwarts, Halfbreeds, and Mugwumps.

Progressive Era Politics

Spanned the period 1900-1920 and the presidencies of three "Progressive" Presidents: Theodore Roosevelt (Republican), William Howard Taft (Republican), and Woodrow Wilson (Democrat). They believed that the laissez-faire system was obsolete, yet supported capitalism. They also believed in the idea of progress and that reformed institution would replace corrupt power. They applied the principles of science and efficiency to all economic, social, and political instituting. They viewed the government as a key player in creating an orderly, stable and improved society. They believed that government had the power to combat special interests and work for the good of the community, state, or nation. Political parties were singled out as corrupt, undemocratic, outmode, and inefficient. The power of corrupt government could be diminished by increasing the power of the people and by putting more power in the hands of non-elective, nonpartisan, professional officials. The progressives eventually co-opt many of the Populist demands such as: referendum, initiative, direct election of Senators, etc. Some of these are incorporated in the "Progressive Amendments of the Constitutions: 16th, 17th, 18th, and 19th amendments.

The Republican Era

From 1921 to 1933 the presidency and congress were dominated by Republicans. The position of the government was decidedly pro-business. Through conservative, the government experimented with new approaches to public policy and was an active agent of economic change to respond to an American culture increasingly urban, industrial, and consumer-oriented. Conflicts surfaced regarding immigration restriction, prohibition, and race relations. Generally, this period was a transitional one in which consumption and leisure were replacing older "traditional" american values of self-denial and work ethic.

Post World War 2 Politics

In 1952, the pro-business Republican Party ran General Dwight D. Eisenhower for president. They accused the Democrats of being "soft" on communism. They promised to end the Korean War. The Conservative Southern Democrats (Dixiecrats) increasingly associate themselves with Republican candidates who oppose civil rights legislation.

Nixon's New Federalism

The opposition to the war in Vietnam and to growing federal social programs "converts" southern Democrats to vote in increasing numbers. They run for former Vice President Richard Nixon for president in 1968. He runs in a small-government, anti-war campaign as a defender of the "silent majority." Nixon advocated a policy of cutting back Federal power and returning that power to the states. This was known as the "New Federalism."

Reagan and the "New Right"

Fueled by the increasingly "liberal" social agenda of the Democrats and spurred on by the rise of a militant and extremely well-organized Evangelical Christianity, most southern states begin voting Republican in considerable majorities. Conservative Christians, Southern whites, affluent ethnic suburbanites, and young conservatives form a "New Right" that supported Ronald Reagan in 1980 on a "law and order" platform that advocated: stricter laws against crime, drugs and pornography, opposition to easy-acess abortions, and an increase in defense spending, a cut in tax rates. While Reagan curbed the expansion of the Federal Government, he did not reduce its size or the scope of its powers.

Republican Beliefs in the following values: Gun Control, Abortion, Social Security, Foreign Policy, and Same Sex Marriage

Gun Control

They believe that guns should be given to everyone because of the second amendment which states the right to bear arms.

Abortion

They do not support abortion because they believe the unborn child has the right to be self evident.

Social Security

They believe that everyone should have control because it makes them have the benefit in the greater good.

Foreign Policy

They believe that everyone should have the opportunity to resist tyranny.

Same Sex Marriage

They believe that the constitution states that marriage is between one man and one woman.