They had many water ways. They had the Himalaya mountains. China had deserts, oceans, and seas.
Belief System of China
The belief system used in china was Confucianism. They believe in orderly society. They believed in the five relationships. They also believed in filial piety. Filial piety is having respect for elders.
Reforms of China
Their goal was to keep foreigners out. They had a lot of natural resources and knew other countries were trying to invade. They isolated themselves. They did have strong and similar cultures to the other countries.
What They Want
Japan and Europe was China for their natural resources. Japan brings opium in to China to try and get them high so they can invade. The opium was when Britain gets the Chinese addicted to opium to trade with them.