The Federal Court System

Erik Guerin

People:

US Marshall: A US Marshall is a person that makes arrests, collects fines, gives subpoenas, and takes convicted people to prison.

US Attorney: US Attorneys look into court charges and present the information.

Magistrate Judge: Magistrate Judges decide whether or not a case should go to trial and whether accused people should be held in jail or released on bail.

Life Terms: Judges can serve for as long as they want

Precedent: A model that other judges follow to make decisions in court

Miscellaneous

Circuit: The geographic area that a Court of Appeals covers

Remand: Sending a case to a lower court for another trial

Opinion: This shows the legal thinking behind a courts's decision

Courts

District Courts: A federal court where the trials are held and lawsuits begin

Court of Appeals: A federal court that looks over decisions made in district courts

Jurisdictions

Appellate Jurisdiction: The authority to hear an appealed case from a lower court

Original Jurisdiction: The authority to hear a case for the first time