Nicaragua

Captial

The capital of Nicaragua is Managua

Geography

  • There are 18 volcanos in Nicaragua
  • Largest country in C. America
  • Mountainous & full of valleys in the West
  • Pacific Coast is fdotted with volcanos
  • Average of 88°F (31°C)

Location

Nicaragua borders Costa Rica & Honduras
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Major Cities

Managua, Leon, Masaya, Tipitapa, Chinandega

Historical Sites & Landmarks

  • Iglesia de La Merced - Home to León’s patron saint, La Virgen de La Merced, this not-so-immediately enchanting gray edifice is considered the city’s second-most-important church
  • Mirador del Cristo de la Misericordia - a colossal statue of Jesus Christ, the biggest image of World that is in the city of San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua, to a height of 134 m above sea level.

  • Puerto Salvador Allende - Facing the city of Managua, at the feet of Lake Managua or Xolotlan is one of the most entertainment places of the city, Puerto Salvador Allende (Port Salvador Allende). It stretches to the shore for about one mile and still is under construction, more restaurants and entertainment places are being added.

  • Catedral de Granada - Catedral de Granada is the cathedral in the city of Granada, capital of the province of the same name in the Autonomous Region of Andalusia, Spain. The cathedral is the seat of the Archdiocese of Granada
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Economy

Currency: Nicaraguan córdoba

Conversion:

1 U.S.D. >> 27.87 N.C.

1 N.C. >> 00.04 U.S.D.

Language

Official Language - Spanish

Indegenous Language:

Miskito - Miskito is a Misumalpan language spoken by the Miskito people in northeastern Nicaragua along the Caribbean coast.

Sumo - Sumo (also known as Sumu) is a Misumalpan language spoken in Nicaragua by the Sumo people.

Rama - Rama is one of the indigenous languages of the Chibchan family spoken by the Rama people on the island of Rama Cay and south of lake Bluefields on the Caribbean Coast of Nicaragua

Food

Dishes -


Gallo Pinto: Also known as rice and beans. Most people in Nicaragua eat this almost daily and it is considered a national symbol.

Nacatamal: A dough which is prepared with ground corn and butter.

Indio Viejo: Meat prepared with onions, garlic, sweet pepper and tomato.

Pupusa: A stuffed tortilla that comes with queso (cheese), frijoles (beans), and chicharrón (pork rinds), amongst other fillings


Beverages -


El Macuá: The Nicaragua drink is a blend of light rum, guava juice, lemon juice and sugar was recently voted the official Nicaragua beverage.

Flor de Caña: Widely heralded as one of Latin America's best rums. Has won over 100 international awards.

Important People

Sergio Ramírez Mercado - born in Masatepe during 1942, has become known as a great writer and intellectual. He also served as vice-president from 1984 to 1990

Rubén Darío - a famous Nicaraguan poet, known for the extensive influence he has had on Latin American Poetry. Darío's poetry is read throughout the world.

Augusto Cesear Sandino - born on 18 May 1895, became recognized as a revolutionary. He lead the rebellion against presence of United States military forces in the country. He was hailed a hero by Latin Americans but a bandit by the United States government.

Music

Music of Nicaragua is a mixture of indigenous and European, especially Spanish, influences. Musical instruments include the marimba and others that are common across Central America. Pop music includes Cuban, Brazilian, Mexican and Panamanian performers, as well as those from Europe and the United States. The marimba of Nicaragua distinguishes itself from the other forms of marimba in Central America by the way it is played. Nicaragua's marimba is played by a sitting performer holding the instrument on his knees.
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Climate/Seasons

Nicaragua enjoys a tropical climate in the lowlands and is cooler in highlands. It has two distinct seasons, wet and dry. The wet season lasts from mid-May to November, with May and October being the wettest. The dry season lasts from December to mid-May. Temperatures in this season usually range from 80° F to 90° F (27° C to 32° C).

Sports

Baseball is the national game of Nicaragua, and is one of the most popular sports in the country. Nicaragua has a professional baseball league, the Nicaraguan Professional Baseball League, consisting of four teams.

Religion

Over 90% of Nicaragua's population are members of Christian denominations. Approximately 73% of Nicaraguans follow the Roman Catholic religion with about 15% attending evangelical churches. Around 2% are part of the Moravian Church and some 0.1 percent are joined to the Episcopal Church.

Brief History

The name "Nicaragua" was coined by Spanish colonists based on the name "Nicarao", chief of the most populous indigenous tribe.In pre-Columbian times, in what is now known as Nicaragua, the indigenous people were part of the Intermediate Area, between the Mesoamerican and Andean cultural regions, and within the influence of the Isthmo-Colombian area.In 1502, Christopher Columbus became the first European known to have reached what is now Nicaragua as he sailed southeast toward the Isthmus of Panama. On his fourth voyage, Columbus explored the Miskito Coast on the Atlantic side of Nicaragua. The Spanish then returned to the western part of what became known as Nicaragua and encountered the three most populous indigenous tribes of people in the land: the tribe led by Nicaragua, the indigenous chieftain Nicaragua is truly named after, but was erroneously thought to be Nicarao, the chief of another group of indigenous peoples, and Diriangen, the chieftain of a group of indigenous peoples living in central Nicaragua.The Captaincy General of Guatemala was dissolved in September 1821 with the Act of Independence of Central America, and Nicaragua soon became part of the First Mexican Empire. After the monarchy of the First Mexican Empire was overthrown in 1823, Nicaragua joined the newly formed United Provinces of Central America, which was later renamed as the Federal Republic of Central America. Nicaragua finally became an independent republic in 1838. In 1909, the United States provided political support to Conservative-led forces rebelling against President Zelaya. On November 18, 1909, U.S. warships were sent to the area after 500 revolutionaries (including two Americans) were executed by order of Zelaya. Zelaya resigned later that year.

Indegenous Groups

The seven indigenous peoples of Nicaragua live in two main regions: firstly, the Pacific Coast and Centre North of the country (or simply the Pacific), which is home to the Chorotega (221,000), the Cacaopera or Matagalpa (97,500), the Ocanxiu or Sutiaba (49,000) and the Nahoa or Náhuatl (20,000); and, secondly, the Caribbean (or Atlantic) Coast, inhabited by the Miskitu (150,000), the Sumu-Mayangna (27,000) and the Rama (2,000). Other peoples enjoying collective rights in accordance with the Political Constitution of Nicaragua (1987) are the black populations of African descent, known as “ethnic communities” in national legislation. These include the Creole or Afro-Caribbeans (43,000) and the Garífuna (2,500).

Natural Resources

Among the metals available are gold, silver, copper and tungsten. Also part of Nicaragua's natural resources are lead, zinc, timber and fish. It's important to note that Nicaragua is surprisingly prone to hurricanes. Other natural hazards in Nicaragua include volcanoes and earthquakes.

Exportation

Nicaraguan exports include coffee, beef, shrimp, lobster, tobacco, sugar, gold and peanuts. Export from Nicaragua has improved since the establishment of the Central America-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement or CAFTA-DR.

Government

Nicaragua is a country in Central America with constitutional democracy with executive, legislative, judicial, and electoral branches of government. The President of Nicaragua is both head of state and head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government.

Tourist Places

  • Managua - it is the capital city of Nicaragua and has many tourist attractions.
  • Granada - has great architectual buildings & style, and is the 6th most populated city.
  • Leon - León is the second largest city in Nicaragua, after Managua. It has many historical landmarks, sites, and buildings.
  • San Juan Del Sur - a popular vacation spot for its beach and nice, topical weather.
  • Ometepe - This would be a beautiful site to see, as it is an island formed by two volcanoes rising from Lake Nicaragua.