by Josie Miller 5th Hour

What is anemia?

Anemia is a condition in which the body does not have enough healthy red blood cells. This can happen if your body can't make enough red blood cells on its own, bleeding that causes you to lose more red blood cells than can be replaced, or if your body destroys red blood cells. It is either classified as chronic or acute. Chronic anemia is developed over a long period of time, and acute anemia is when the amount of healthy red blood cells in your body suddenly drops.

Media Influences

Anemia Prescription Drug Article

An article about deadly anemia drugs that were being sold, their dangers being kept secret by the FDA in order to make money. This article seems credible because it has many sources.

Meet Sekou: Sickle Cell Anemia - Television Commercial

Akron Chlidren's Hospital Commercial

This commercial is trying to get bone marrow donors for children with sickle-cell anemia.

Interpersonal Communication

Your doctor can tell if you have anemia by a blood test called a CBC. If you have anemia, your doctor may want to do other tests to find out what's causing it. With any type of anemia, there are two treatment goals: To get red blood cell counts or hemoglobin levels back to normal so that your organs and tissues can get enough oxygen and to treat the underlying cause of the anemia.the treatment your doctor prescribes for you will depend on the cause of the anemia. Treatment may include changes in foods you eat, taking dietary supplements (like vitamins or iron pills), changing the medicines you are taking, or in more severe forms of anemia, medical procedures such as blood transfusion or surgery.

Also if you want to talk about anemia in general, there are message boards regarding anemia on the internet.


Immediate and Long Term Risk Factors

The effects and risk factors of anemia depend on the number of red blood cells in the body, rather than the cause of the anemia. When the red blood cell count is just below normal in the body in a mild case of anemia, there may be no risk factors at all besides the risk of the anemia getting worse without treatment.

Immediate risk factors:

  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Pale skin
  • Cold extremities
  • Headaches
  • Chest Pain

Long Term Risk Factors:

  • Congestive Heart failure
  • Heart attacks
  • Death


  • Cloning of Erythropoietin and Development of Recombinant Epo Clinical Use

In the 1950s and 1960s scientists showed that a hormone in your body called erythropoietin was responsible for regulating red blood cell production. Twenty years later, researchers developed a synthetic version of that hormone known as epoetin alfa, Epo. Epo can be mass produced and administered by injection under the skin. Today, many patients benefit from this synthetic hormone.

  • Immunotherapy for Aplastic Anemia

Before immunotherapy, severe aplastic anemia was fatal to nearly half of all patients regardless of treatment. Now with the development of immunosuppressive therapy combined with other treatments, survival rates have improved substantially and more than 60 percent of patients experience successful responses to the immunotherapy.