Marxist Criticism

Analyze the story based on the Marxist criticism

Marxist Theory

The Marxist theory, also known as the Marxist criticism, is created by the Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles


  • Bourgeoisie( the upper class )
  • Proletariat ( working class )
  • Strengths of Marxist Theory

Marxist Theory is focusing on the society as an entirety in order to present all the power of society that involves.

It can show the power interests of different groups.

It can analyze the society’s conflicts and changes easily.

It indicates and emphasizes the different classes’ struggle between the proletariat (workers, vulnerable groups) and bourgeoisie (owners, powerhouse who take the lead)

Realize the society is separated and organized based on capitalism, which the bourgeoisie take use of proletariat to reach the maximize profit.


  • Weaknesses of Marxist Theory

It can hardly explain exist certain phenomena.

It ignores the opinions that other factors may help to form and build the society.

The Marxist Theory has been famous for long. It may not fit for the present society because of time, places and the background. It has its own limitation.

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General Questions Used to Apply

  • Who has power in the text? How does this power operate and change as the text progresses?
  • What" master" or " dominant social narratives are perpetuated or critiqued and disrupted in the text (For example, the American dream, whereby, with hard work and individual effort, a poor woman can achieve success.)
  • At what point(s) do the characters recognize the oppressiveness of the prevailing social order?
  • How do they respond? What affects their options for changing things?

Examples of Stories From Class Little Town

Who has the power in the little town; How does this power operate and change

  • The majority of the residents in the little town have the power(bourgeois);
  • They do not understand Belle. She tries to say that she just read a good book to the baker, but the baker ignores her.

What "master" or "dominant" social narratives are perpetuated or critiqued and disrupted in the video

Fatty woman and the majority of residents represents the bourgeois. Belle represents the poor proletariat. There is no sympathy between the two classes.

At what points do the characters recognize the oppressiveness of the prevailing social order

Belle realizes the social order(the bourgeois cannot understand why Belle reading all the time) at the beginning, but she does not really care about it.
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How do they respond; What affects their options for changing things

Belle ignores the prevailing social order. She is constantly resisting the economically well off upper class. At the same time, she is insist on her point of view, which becomes the central plot-line of the story.
Belle (Little Town) - Beauty and the Beast (1991)