Defining Climate

Climatology

  • The study of Earth's climate
  • Defined as weather conditions averaged over a period of time

  • The factors cause past, present, and future climatic changes
  • Includes aspects of oceanography and biogeochemistry.

Normals

  • Standard value for a location
  • Includes rainfall, wind speed, and temperatures
  • Meteorological records compiled for at least 30 years