hemophilia

a disorder in which blood dosen't clot normaly

What is hemophilia

Hemophilia is
  1. a medical condition in which the ability of the blood to clot is severely reduced, causing the sufferer to bleed severely from even a slight injury. The condition is typically caused by a hereditary lack of a coagulation factor, most often factor VIII.

Treatments

The mainstay of treatment is replacement of the blood clotting factors. Clotting factor concentrates can be purified from human donor blood or made in the laboratory using methods that do not use donor blood. This type of therapy is known as replacement therapy. Clotting factor replacement therapy is carried out by infusing the clotting factor concentrates into a vein, much like a blood transfusion. This type of therapy can be administered at home with proper instruction and training.

Symptoms

bleeding, blood in urine, internal bleeding, nosebleed, bruising, heavy or prolonged periods, blood in stool, or swollen joint

Treatments or cures

Chromosome affects hemophilia so

This means that males only have one copy of most of the genes on the X chromosome, whereas females have 2 copies. Thus, males can have a disease like hemophilia if they inherit an affectedX chromosome that has a mutation in either the factor VIII or factor IX gene.