Kennedy

The "New Frontier" Spirit

Election

Election of 1960:

  • Tuesday November 8, 1960
  • Kennedy (Democrat) against Nixon (Republican)
  • Kennedy won the popular vote by 112, 827 votes
  • Kennedy won the electoral vote 303 to 219

The Cold War

  • African Congo independent from Belgium 1960
  • 1961 ordered "military advisers" into South Korea
  • 1961 Alliance for Progress
  • April 17, 1961 attempt to topple Castro "The Bay of Pigs"
  • Met with Khrushchev in Vienna, June 1961
  • Khrushchev threatened to cut off western access to Berlin through making a treaty with East Germany
  • Soviets constructed Berlin Wall August 1961
  • Trade Expansion Act 1962
  • Kennedy Round tariff negotiations 1962-1967
  • 1962 Geneva Peace Conference over Laos
  • 1962 Soviets install missiles into Cuba
  • October 28, 1962 Soviets removed missiles from Cuba
  • Nuclear test ban treaty signed 1963
  • 1963 Charles de Gaulle vetoed Common Market membership
  • 1963 Moscow-Washington hotline installed
  • 1963 Kennedy gives speech to Americans to change view of Russia

Civil Rights

  • "Ink for Jack" protest letters sent to Kennedy
  • May 1961 Freedom Ride bus in Anniston, Alabama torched
  • Kennedy wire-tapped King's phone in 1963
  • SNCC inaugurated voter education project
  • 1963 Kennedy told black leaders "I may lose the next election...I don't care"
  • October 1962 James Meredith attempts enrollment at ole miss
  • 1963 MLK Jr attempted to desegregate Birmingham, Alabama
  • June 11, 1963 Kennedy directly states attempts to end segregation and racism through new civil rights legislation
  • June 11, 1963 white gunman kills Medgar Evans
  • August 1963 King led March on Washington
  • September 1963 bomb kills 4 black girls in Birmingham church
  • Kennedy made little headway

Assasination

  • November 22, 1963 Kennedy shot in brain by rifleman
  • Lee Harvey Oswald accused of shooting Kennedy
  • Jack Ruby shot Oswald
  • Chief Justice Warren conducted investigation, still unsure
  • VP Johnson sworn in as president