War of 1812

"The Second American Revolution"

Summary of the war

This war was a military conflict between the United States and Great Britain, although the main goal of this battle was to gain land which is today known as Canada, nothing was won, yet nothing was lost. Merchant ships attacking each other, naval and land battles, even as far as the Gulf Coast saw battles. British Indians were defeated near the Gulf Coast as well. This was not a war in all reality, nothing more than a loss of money and time.

Cause 1 : British Impressment

This was basically British ships capturing American ships and forcing the American sailors to convert to British ways. The British managed to gather over 40,000 men to convert to their ways (forcefully). This also intervened with American shipping, stealing and attacking American ships, preventing them to make deals or trades with other countries.

Cause 2 : Aid to Indians

The British supported the Indian tribes and helped them fight against the westward expansion. With this motivation it gave the Indians enough will to fight for Britain during the war. Though their efforts were pointless and showed no reward due to the Americans pushing the Indians back.

Event 1 : Battle of New Orleans

Jackson gained national fame through his role in the War of 1812, where he won decisive victories over the Indians and then over the main British invasion army at the Battle of New Orleans. Jackson's army was sent to Florida where, without orders, he deposed the small Spanish garrison. This led directly to the treaty which formally transferred Florida from Spain to the United States.

Event 2 : Hartford Convention

The Hartford Convention was a series of meetings from December 15, 1814 – January 5, 1815 in Hartford, Connecticut, United States, in which New England Federalists met to discuss their grievances concerning the ongoing War of 1812 and the political problems arising from the federal government's increasing power. Despite radical outcries among Federalists for New England secession and a separate peace with Great Britain, moderates outnumbered them and extreme proposals were not a major focus of the debate.