Fall of the Roman Empire
What happened to Rome?
When the decline began...
It all started in the 200s. It began with the assassination of Emperor Severus by his own legions, who were upset that he negotiated with Germanic tribes which were invading Roman territories. This triggered nearly 50 years of political strife & civil war,where as many as 25 individuals claimed the emperor's throne. Then one of the emperor's, Emperor Diocletion, saw no choice but to permanently split the empire into 2 parts in 285 A.D.
After that, another emperor, Emperor Constantine, accepted Christianity and moved the capital of Rome to Byzantium in the Eastern Empire. But after he died, squabbles began again. Then in 376, barbarians tribes such as Goths, Visigoths, Vandals, Angles, Saxons, Franks, Ostrogoths, Lambards, and Poles ravaged through Rome in search of places to settle down in, but that just made things WORSE.
There were many other problems that led to the fall of the Rome. Fundamental and economical problems were also things that declined the Roman Empire. There was a decrease in agricultural products, so that led to higher food prices. Many people from the western empire couldn't purchase from the eastern empire because the prices were so high. Then piracy attacks disrupted the flow of trade.
There were also political and military difficulties. Amateur emperors were in control of Rome throughout the time of the fall of Rome. Then army generals dominated the emperorship, and corruption spread. The military was transformed into a mercenary over time, with no real loyalty to Rome. Government was money-tight, so they hired unreliable German soldiers to fight in Roman armies against the mercenaries.
What Happens Next
The Fall of the Western Empire
Fravius Odoacer was a mercenary leader in the Roman imperial army when he launched his mutiny against the Emperor Romulus Augustus. At Piacenza, he defeated Roman General Orestes, the emperor's powerful father.
Finally, on September 4, 476 A.D., Romulus, the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, is deposed by Odoacer. Although Roman rule continued in the East, the crowning of Odoacer marked the end of the western Roman Empire.
The Fall of the Eastern Roman Empire
◘⌡THE ROMAN EMPIRE WAS NO MORE⌠◘
Where Did the Barbarians End Up?
The Angles and Saxons settled in the British Isles.
The Visigoths settled in the Iberian Peninsula.
The Franks settled in France
The Vandals settled in Northern Africa.
The Ostrogoths settled in Italy.
The Germanic tribes settled in parts of the North European Plains.
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"The Fall of the Eastern Roman Empire: The Turks Conquer Constantinople." Examiner.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2014.
Murrel, Deborah, The Best Book of Ancient Rome. Kingfisher Publications Plc. 2004. 24, 25
Dowsell, Paul. The Roman Record. Usborne Publishing Ltd. 1998. 17