Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
Who is covered under IDEA?
What are the 14 mandates of IDEA?
2. Categories of disabilities
3. Special Education
4. Related Services
5. Child Identification/Find
6. Full Education Opportunities
7. Physical Education
9. Individualized Education Plan/Program
10. Due Process
12. Least Restrictive Environment
What was covered in the 1997 Amendments to IDEA?
- Identifying children with special needs before they enter school and providing services to help them,
- Developing individualized education programs (IEPs) that focus on improving educational results through the general curriculum,
- Educating children with disabilities with their nondisabled peers,
- Setting higher expectations for students who are disabled and ensuring schools are held accountable,
- Strengthening the role of parents and fostering partnerships between parents and schools,
- Reducing unnecessary paperwork and other burdens.
What was covered in the 2004 Amendments to IDEA?
- Every state must develop specific criteria, in accordance with the requirements in the regulations, to determine whether a child has a specific learning disability and, as a result of that disability, requires special education. A state’s criteria must not require the use of a “severe discrepancy” between intellectual ability and achievement as part of LD determination and must permit the use of a process based on a child’s response to scientific, research-based interventions. All school districts within a state must use the criteria developed by the state.
- Determination of the existence of a specific learning disability is done by the child’s parents and a team of qualified professions
- Determining factors now include:
- Inadequate achievement measured against expectations for a child’s age or the grade-level standards set by the state
- Insufficient progress when using a process based on response to scientific, research-based interventions (frequently referred to as RTI)
- Evidence of a pattern of strengths and weaknesses in performance, achievement, or both, relative to age, grade-level standards or intellectual development
What was covered in the 2008 Amendments to IDEA?
• non-attorney representation in due process hearings, State monitoring, technical assistance, and enforcement; allocation of funds; and
• positive efforts to employ and advance in employment individuals with disabilities.
Parental consent, State issues, and hearing right have been identified, with input from a member advisory group, as important to the professions of speech-language pathology and audiology.