Civil War

By: Diamond Anderson

First Battle of Ball Run

July 21, 1861


Two army's each composed of Americans fought a day long battle and almost 5,00 people were killed, wounded, missing, or captured. Pressure in the north, mostly from the press, decisive action to end war. Union General Irvin McDowell was worried his untrained troops were not prepared for an endeavor, protested the plan but Lincoln over rules him. Lincoln believed that this might might be his only chance to use his massive military force before he lost it. You can say that the Bull Run signaled an end to the innocence of both sides of the war. Some in the south rejoiced over the triumph at Bull Run , which proved that the Confederate solider was equal of any Union solider. Which affected the fair amount of finger pointing within the military over the failure of Beauregard and Johnston to pursue and crush the Union Army during their panicked retreat.

Battle of Shiloh

April 6 - April 7, 1862


One of the major battles to be witnessed during the Civil War. A surprise to the Union side whose Tennessee army would require some time to prepare for its offensive along the Tennessee River. Grant encamped at Pittsburgh landing on the west bank of Tennessee river and spent a few days drilling raw recruits and waiting for back up from Major General Don Carlo Buell's forces of Ohio. Johnston was aware of the location and the strength of Grant as well as from the support from the Yankees; he planned to attack the vulnerable Union position on April 4. However due to the bad weather, the attack was delayed until April 6th. After the war, Grants career was affected after the end of this battle. Under the leadership of Halleck , the union armies advanced towards Corinth and captured it in early May.

Battle of Fredericksburg

December 13, 1862


Fought by the Union forces of the army of the Potomac led by General Ambrose E. Burnside and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia led by General Robert E Lee. This battle was fount between 114,000 Union Solders and 72,500 Confederate troops. Burnside purposed moving the Union Army to Falmouth directly across from the Rappahannok River from Frederick burg. Making a direct attack on the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. Robert E Lee's who were then in Culpepper blocking Union advances south and at Winchester in the Shenandoah Valley. At the end of the battle, bloody conflict the Union losses were over 12,000 and the Confederate losses amounted to over 5,000, it was a victory for the Confederacy.

Battle of Vicksburg

May 18, 1863 - July 4, 1863


The Union wanted to control the Mississippi River, so they attacked many cities along it including Vicksburg. Vicksburg also gave them control over the Mississippi river so they had connection to the sea. Giving the Union Army complete control over the Mississippi River and cut the Confederacy in two. After the battle, the Deconstruction was so complete that it became known as chimneyville. Johnston would lead the Army of Tennessee during most of the Atlanta Campaign and again following the Southern debacle at Franklin and Nashville in the winter of 1864. He would surrender his army to Sherman near Bentonville , North Carolina , days after Robert E Lee surrendered the army of Northern Virginia.

Battle of Gettyburg

July 1 - July 3, 1863


General Lee had a need to find food and other supplies for his men who had just been through a very hard winter. Was the largest battles of the American Civil War as well as the largest battle ever fought in North America, involving around 85,000 men in the Union's Army of the Potomac under Major General George Gordon Meade. Preventing a confederate invasion of the North and eliminated about one third of General Lee's men. After the great victory , General Robert Lee marched his Army of Northern Virginia into Pennsylvania in late June 1863. The Assault known as "Pickett's Charge" managed to eventually fail at the cost of thousands of rebel causalities, and Lee was forced to withdraw his battered army toward Virginia on July 4.

Atlanta and Sherman's March to the Sea

July 22, 1864


Union forces commanded by William T. Sherman wanting to put together the importance and supply, defeating the city under John B. Hood. After ordering the evacuation of the city, Sherman burned most of the buildings in the city, military or not. After taking the city, he headed south toward Savannah, beginning his Sherman's march to the sea. The victory of this battle northern morale and is credited for aiding reelection of Abraham Lincoln over George Mcclellan.