Colonial Region

The Colonies

The thirteen original colonies were Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Virginia, Georgia, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Maryland, South Carolina, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New York, and Delaware.


Which colonies belonged to who?

New England had the colonies to the North, the Middle had the colonies right below the ones of New England, and the Southern owned the ones in the south.


Visit some of the Colonial Cities!

Visit Boston, New York City, Jamestown, Portsmouth and Plymouth!


Boston

In 1630, Puritan colonists from England founded the town, and this quickly became the political, commercial, financial, religious, and educational center of the New England region. Boston is the city that the American Revolution started. After the battle at Bunker Hill, and winning the Siege of Boston they forced the British to retreat. The British blockade of the port caused great economy damage. After 1800, they recovered from this damage, and they became the transportation hub for the New England region with it's network of railroads, and most importantly, the intellectual, educational, medical center of the nation.

(In the picture, you can see the Faneuil Hall.)

New York City

New York City began with an establishment of English rule over Dutch New Amsterdam and New Netherland. The sight of Modern New York City was the theater of the New York Campaign, which was a series of major battles during the early stages the American Revolutionary War. After said war, it was under British occupation until the end of it, and was the last port British ships evacuated in 1783, New York was cosmopolitan from the beginning, established and governed largely as a strategic trading post. In years 1754-1763, the city was a base for British operations in the French and Indian War. This conflict united the colonies for the first time in common defense, and eliminated the main military threat that the colonists had relied upon British to defend them from. (Below, you can see a picture of New York City.)

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Jamestown

Jamestown was a settlement in the Colony of Virginia and was the first permanent English settlement in the Americas. This city faced many failed attempts of other cities, including the Lost Colony of Roanoke. Jamestown was the Capital of the colony for 83 years. The people of Jamestown made allies with the Native Americans that originally lived there. They learned many things from the Native Americans. Within a year of Jamestown's founding, the Virginia Company brought Polish and Dutch colonists to help improve the settlement. The first documented Africans were also brought to Jamestown. (Below you can see a picture of Jamestown.)


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Portsmouth

The first known European to explore and write about the area was Martin Ping in 1603. The Piscataqua River is a tidal estuary with a swift current, but forms a good natural harbor. The west bank of the harbor was settled by English colonists in 1630 and named Strawberry Bank, after the many wild strawberries growing there. Strategically located for trade between upstream industries and mercantile interests abroad, the port prospered. Fishing, lumber and shipbuilding were principal businesses of the region.Enslaved Africans were imported as laborers as early as 1645 and were integral to building the city's prosperity. Portsmouth was part of the Triangle Trade which made significant profits from slavery.Once one of the nation's busiest ports and shipbuilding cities, Portsmouth expressed its wealth in fine architecture. (Below you can see a picture of Portsmouth.)


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Plymouth

Plymouth Colony was an English colonial venture in North America from 1620-1691. Plymouth was another one of the earliest successful colonies to be founded by the English in North America, and the first sizable permanent English settlement in the New England region. Rather than being entrepreneurs like many of the settlers of Jamestown, a significant proportion of the citizens of Plymouth were fleeing religious persecution and searching for a place to worship as they saw fit. The social and legal systems of the colony became closely tied to their religious beliefs, as well as English custom. The people we know as Pilgrims were the ones that founded Plymouth. (Below we can see a picture of Plymouth.)



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Take A Virtual Tour of Lake Champlain