Grover Cleveland

The 22nd and 24th President

General Biography

Stephen Grover Cleveland was born on March 18, 1837 in Cadwell, New Jersey. His parents were Ann Neal and Richard Falley Cleveland. His dad was a prime minister and Grover Cleveland was the fifth of nine children. Unfortunately Cleveland's dad died when he was only 16 so he had to quit school and go to work in order to help support his family. Cleveland and his older brother worked at the New York Institute for Special Education and then as a clerk and part-time law student. The knowledge he gained from these experiences allowed him to pass the bar exam in 1858 without any formal education. Cleveland died of a heart attack on June 24, 1908 at the age of 71. He died at his family home in Princeton, New Jersey while his children were away but his wife, Francis, remained by his side. Cleveland had been ill since the previous year, suffering from a weak heart and other ailments.

Early Career

Grover Cleveland dropped his first name when he was an adult perhaps because his friends called him "Big Steve" due to his weight at over 250 pounds. He evaded participating in the Civil War by paying $300. After Cleveland passed the bar exam he became a district attorney for Erie County, then sheriff, mayor of Buffalo and then governor of New york from 1882 to 1884. During this time Grover Cleveland became known as "Uncle Jumbo". Cleveland had a reputation of honesty which carried him from governor to president.

Career as President

Cleveland was the only president to give his inaugural addresses without notes up to that point. During Cleveland's first term he presided over the dedication of the Statue of Liberty and Geromino surrendered which ended the Apache Wars. He exercised his veto power 584 times which was more than double any previous president and the highest number of any president except FDR who served three terms. Cleveland's first term lasted from 1885 to 1889.

Cleveland's Life After His First Term

After Cleveland's first term ended in 1889, he went back to his law practice. For the most part Cleveland refrained from politics but he began to speak out against President Harrison's passage of the Sherman Silver Passage Act. After this he was easily reelected in 1892.

Cleveland's Achievements as President

1) Cleveland signed an act creating the interstate Commerce Commission to regulate railroads in the interest of ensuring fair rates

2) Stood on the side of the gold standard in the ongoing currency debate and tried to reduce the amount of silver the government was required to coin under the Bland-Allison Act of 1878

3) Watched over the dedication of the Statue of Liberty

Cleveland's Failures / Blunders as President

1) Encouraged the passage of the Dawes Act which had good intentions but it never was very successful

2) Cleveland believed that the government should not help the people but the people should help the government. This became an issue when the people needed the governments help in the Panic of 1893.

3) Cleveland used the veto power way more than any president before him which made it hard to get any beneficial law passed.


Cleveland was popular as President and even after he left office the first time. In fact Cleveland won a larger popularity vote than Benjamin Harrison but Harrison won more electoral votes.

Blaine, Blaine, James G. Blaine, The Continental Liar from the State of Maine

Vice President: Thomas A. Hendricks (1885-1889)

Members of Cabinet

Secretary of State:

Thomas F. Bayard (1885-1889)

Secretary of the Treasury:

Daniel Manning (1885-1887)

Charles S. Fairchild (1887-1889)

Secretary of War:

William C. Endicott (1885-1889)

Attorney General:

Augustus H. Garland (1885-1889)

Postmaster General:

William F. Vilas (1885-1888)

Donald M. Dickinson (1888-1889)

Secretary of the Navy:

William C. Whitney (1885-1889)

Secretary of the Interior:

Lucius Q. C. Lamar (1885-1888)

William F. Vilas (1888-1889)

Secretary of Agriculture:

Norman J. Colman (1889)

Is Cleveland Electable Today?

I do not think Cleveland is electable today because he believed that the government should not help the people but that would never work today with our economy.

Random Facts

1) Cleveland was the only President to get married in the White House.

2) A body part of Cleveland's resides at the Mutter Museum in Philadelphia. It is his "secret tumor", an epithelioma removed from the roof of his mouth during his second term.

Work Cited

"Grover Cleveland Biography." A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2014.

United States. National Park Service. "Grover Cleveland Home--Presidents: A Discover Our

Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior,

n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2014.

"President Grover Cleveland (1st Term)22nd President." Grover Cleveland (1st Term). N.p.,

n.d. Web. 05 Mar. 2014.

"Presidential Campaign Slogans." Presidential Campaign Slogans. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Mar.


"Presidents of the United States (POTUS)." Presidents of the United States (POTUS). N.p.,

n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2014.