AR WW1 Research Challenge

By: Abby Harms and Sam Morris

Brief History of WW1

  • started in July 28, 1914
  • ended November 11, 1918
  • a total of about 130 million men from both Europe and the US were mobilized.
  • and a total of approximately 16 million casualties both civilian, combatants and victims of genocide.
  • It is known as one of the most deadliest conflicts in history.
  • The war brought along new political thinking and many revolutions of the other nations involved.
  • 8 nations were apart of the allied forces
  • 4 nations were apart of the Central Forces

How World War 1 affected AR

Individuals or groups

Arkansas sent many men to war and many of them came back as war heroes there are 6 main ones some of them were Herman Davis several awards in France, Oscar Franklin Miller 100 heroes from World War 1 Medal of honor, Marcellus Chiles and Jogn Pruitt. John McGavock Grider Air Force.

Locations affected in Arkansas

Lonoke County outbid Pulaski County for a new flying school, it was named Elberts Field after aviator Captain Melchior McEwan Eberts.
Garland County was the first chapter in Arkansas of the Red Cross an organization that provided things such as bandages and pajamas and socks and many other things.
In Logan County the U.S. government got involved in an attempt to destroy abbey radio that was used by monks to get messages from the German government.
Camp Pike, named after General Zebulon Montgomery Pike, was a camp used to train Arkansans for war. It was built near the Arkansas River and adjacent to North Little Rock. It was 3,000 acres big and later was given a lease of an additional 10,000 acres. However it had many objections and had to raise thousands of dollars to fix them. Eventually they were fixed and it was operational in 1917.

Other things going on during this time

Other things that were going on in Arkansas at this time was the flu epidemic. This epidemic killed approximately 7,000 people, more than the actual war did. It all started around July, about 500 cases of it ended up in Little Rock areas. Due to lack of medical care, preparation, no telephones, lack of literary skills needed to write the death certificates , no cemetery records, when the flu hit the rural areas of Arkansas more people died, it is likely that there were more deaths than that of which were reported. On October 1918 the Arkansas Board of Health put the state under quarantine, it was lifted on November 4,1918 by the Pulaski County, however the schools were still closed and Arkansas children under 18 had to stay in their homes.