Substance Use Disorder-Depressants
What You Can Do If You Need Help
Substance withdrawal occurs when abusers have been using substances heavily for prolonged periods of time and the abuser stops his or her use or greatly reduces it. Symptoms of alcohol withdrawal may begin from 4 to 12 hours after you cut down or stop drinking, or as long as several days after the last drink, and can last a few days. They can range from mild to life-threatening (WebMD, 2014).
Symptoms of withdrawal include:
- Intense worry
- Nausea or vomiting
- Hearing things that are not there
- Tense or edgy
Causes of the Disorder
Several Factors can cause Substance Abuse
- Environment. Environmental factors, including your family's beliefs and attitudes and exposure to a peer group that encourages drug use, seem to play a role in initial drug use (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2014).
- Genetics. Once you've started using a drug, the development into addiction may be influenced by inherited (genetic) traits, which may delay or speed up the disease progression (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2014).
- Individual, group or family therapy sessions.
- AA or NA meetings
- Relapse Prevention
- Outpatient, residential and inpatient programs
Common Myths or Misperceptions
- Substance abusers fit a stereotype-anyone can be a substance abuser.
- Drug addiction is a more serious problem than alcohol addiction-all forms of addiction are harmful.
- Substance abusers are bad people-abusers come from all walks of life and backgrounds.
- Once an addict always an addict-people can turn their lives around.
- Relapse is a normal part of recovery-there is no need to relapse in recovery it is not a necessity.
- Recovery is boring-recovery gives an abuser a chance for happiness.
- There is only one way to escape addiction-people are unique and have their own needs.
Looking for a Therapist
- Possession of a sophisticated set of interpersonal skills.
- Ability to help you feel you can trust the therapist.
- Willingness to establish an alliance with you.
- Commitment to developing a consistent and acceptable treatment plan.
- Communication of confidence about the course of therapy.
- Flexibility in adapting treatment to the particular client's characteristics.
- Inspiration of hope and optimism about your chances of improvement.
- Possession of self-insight.
- Sensitivity toward your cultural background (Krauss, 2011).
Mayo Clinic Staff. (2014). Drug Addiction. Retrieved December 14, 2014 from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/drug-addiction/basics/causes/con-20020970
Psych Central Staff. (2014). Alcohol & Substance Dependence Symptoms. Retrieved December 14, 2014 from http://psychcentral.com/disorders/alcohol-substance-dependence-symptoms/
WebMD. (2014). Alcohol or Drug Withdrawal. Retrieved December 14, 2014 from http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/addiction/alcohol-or-drug-withdrawal
Krauss, S. (2011). 13 Qualities to Look for in an Effective Psychotherapist. Retrieved December 14, 2014 from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/fulfillment-any-age/201108/13-qualities-look-in-effective-psychotherapist
Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (2014). Abnormal psychology (Sixth ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.