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The founding culture of Mesoamerica was the Olmec. The Olmec also called the rubber people lived around the gulf of México. They called them rubber people, because of the game rubber ball game. The Olmec lasted about 1400 BCE to 100 BCE. With their many other talents they were great artist making giant heads made of volcanic rock up to 10ft and weighing up to 20 tons made by tool they created. The government was most likely a chiefdom. The main food source was the animals around the location (dogs, turkey, wheat, corn, beans, peppers, tomatoes, and squash). The trouble they had was the volcanic eruption causing them to probably be extinct and ending them.
The Mayans where located in the Yucatan Peninsula.
They grew corn,beans,squash,peppers,cassava, and cacao.
Mayans have domesticated dogs, ducks, and turkey
They had agricultural problems due to dry seasons.
The Mayans created the solar year calendar for farming, the calendar had 365.242 days to complete a year.
They traded luxury goods like feathers, jade, gold, and shells.
They lived in small city-states, the largest was the Tikal’s that resided from 750 CE and had 40,000 residents
The Mayans had the most advanced writing with pictographs and symbols.
Shamans were advanced in Mathematics and cosmology.
They believed that the gods created them out of sacrifice and genius, so they would do a ritual of sacrificing people to the sun god.
For rituals they pierced their earlobes, hands, and other areas.
The Mayans inherited the Olmecs game of a rubber ball,about 8 inches and 20 inches in diameter, that was played with their hips. The loser of the competitive games where sacrificed to the sun god.
The Aztecs and Teotihuacan
he time span of the Aztec was from the 12th century to the 15th century when the Spanish conquered.
Aztec's geographical location was in the middle of the Mexico valley lake Texco.
This indigenous groups main food source was amaranth, maize(corn), Ramón (bread-nut) beans, cacao, chilies, papaya, squash, and tomatoes.
The main domestication of the Aztec was the teosinte which is corn the size of a thumb and also slaves were domesticated by the rich.
The animals that were around then were dogs, ducks, and turkeys.
Their Agriculture was in chinampas which are artificial gardens where they would grow their crops. Chinampas were formatted in water, held by willow trees making them seem as mini islands.
There wasn't much recorded on the Azects due to the fact that most of their records were destroyed by the Spanish.