Badminton

Created By: Gabriella Campos

History and Origin of Badminton


History


The game of badminton started with another game called battledore that was played in the fifth-century in China. Then in the 17th century it spread to India and was known as Poona. After that in the 1800s the British army officers took it back to England. In England the Duke of Beaufort started liking the game and played it at his country estate. His estate was called Badminton and so the game was then named badminton.


In 1978 in New York the first United States badminton club was opened. Then in 1992 badminton was introduced to the Olympics during the Summer Olympic Games.



Purpose

Badminton can either be played as singles or doubles. The game is played on a rectangular court with a net in the center of the court. The purpose of the game is to serve the birdie/shuttlecock to the opponents side with speed and accuracy, trying to get a point by making the opponent unable to get the shuttlecock back to your side of the court.

Five Different Types of Shots

There are a few shots that are used during a game of badminton. There is a clear shot, smash shot, drop shot, hair pin shot, drive shot, and a serve. A clear shot is a underhand or overhead shot that goes up in a high arc and travels downward landing towards the back of the court. The smash shot is a overhead shot that is hit forcefully down on the other side followed by a full arm follow through. In badminton they would use this shot when the players were near the front of the court. A drop shot is an overhead shot that makes the birdie land on the ground right after the birdie goes over the net. After this shot there is no follow through. The hair pin is a underhand shot goes low over the net and lands close to the opponent's side of the net. A Drive shot can be either a backhand or forehand shot that is shot fast and hard to the opponent's side of the court and they make it be parallel to the ground. The final shot is the one that begins the game. It HAS to be an underhand shot and has to contact the birdie below your waist. Along with this the shot has to be cross court.
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General Rules

In badminton there are many basic rules that are easy to follow. Some of those rules are the same as other sports. Some of those include, you may go out of bounds to get the birdie back into the game, the lines are considered as if they are in lines, and, you change the side of the court your on after every game. But, there are also rules that aren't like any other game such as, if you totally miss the shuttlecock it is a re-do, after the opponent serves the birdie you can move to play any where on the court but, you have to return to your original spot for the next serve, and you can at any time cover your face with the racquet so the birdie doesn't hit you.


Scoring

Lady doubles play until 15 and lady singles play until 11. Men doubles and singles play until 15 points each. In Physical Education we play to 11 both doubles and singles.


Serving


  • The serve must be below the waist and underhand
  • The birdie has to be hit cross court
  • Only serving side may gain points
  • For doubles the first serve of every inning has to be served from the right side
  • For singles the server serves from the right side but, if their score is odd they serve from the left side
  • When both players (in doubles) get their "down" and lose their rally, the birdie and serve goes to the other side
  • If the birdie hits the top of the net but, goes over the net and lands in the "kitchen" it is considered in
  • You alternate the side of the court you are on after every serve
  • In singles you only get 1 down and in doubles you get 2 downs, 1 for each person
  • The first team or person to serve only gets one down instead of 2 (for teams)


Faults


  • Birdie landing in the wrong side of the court
  • Birdie being received by the wrong person.
  • If the server or receiver are not in the correct feet placement during the serve.
  • Birdie not going over the net
  • Birdie landing outside of the boundary lines.
  • Any part of your body or racquet touching the net
  • Hitting the birdie 2 times in a row
  • Opponent gets the fault if the birdie hits a player either inside the boundaries or outside of them.

Strategies to Play

Singles


  • Serve long and high to your opponent. This will make your opponent open up the front of their court since they have to get back and get the birdie.
  • Serve to them low and short
  • Hit the birdie somewhere farther away from the opponent. This will make your opponent make around the court.
  • With taller opponents try to smash it close to their body so that it is harder for them to get it.
  • Examine your opponents strengths and weaknesses. If they can't move very fast shoot further towards the back.
  • When and if it is getting harder for you to keep up make sure to move fast and try to get a high deep hit so that you can get some time to situate yourself.
  • After every play go back to your original spot, which is usually around the middle of the court so that it can be easier for you to get to different places.


Doubles

  • In doubles serve low and after that be sure to have one person cover the front area and one person cover the back of the court
  • Try to hit deep
  • Also try to hit the birdie in the middle of the 2 players so that it is a little hard for them to get it back
  • Make sure to make a play or figure something out where both your strengths and your partners strengths are brought out.
  • COMMUNICATE... if you and your partner are going for the birdie make sure one of you calls for it so that your partner or yourself can back off.

Badminton Vocabulary

  • Match- Winning 2 out of the 3 games
  • Inning- One team having the birdie until their 2 downs for a team or 1 down for singles. Or them losing the rally
  • Out side- The receiving team
  • In side- The serving team
  • Side-out-
  • Let- A conflict that happens for the play to be replayed
  • Fault- Violation of the rules
  • Down- One person having serving until they lose the rally
  • Birdie- A shuttlecock
  • Hands Down- In doubles there are "No Hands Down" and "One Hands Down". No hands down is when neither of the 2 players has served. One hands down is when one of the 2 players has served and they other player is ready to serve their serve(s)




The website below was the one website I used to make this project!