7 Principles of Government

Trent Greer

Popularity Sovereignty

The final power of the government is in the people's hands.

Ex. People voting for a government official.

14th Amendment: All male are citizens no matter the race.

15th Amendment: all male can vote.

19th Amendment: all people can vote no matter the gender.

Seperation of Powersi

The power of the government is separated into three branches.

Ex. Executive Branch, Legislative Branch, and Judicial Branch.

Article I: Creates Legislative Branch.

Article II: Creates Executive Branch.

Article III: Creates Judicial Branch.


People give their power by electing representatives to run the government for them.

Ex. Electing a Senator to Senate.

Article I: creates bicameral legislative, House of Representatives elected every 2 years, Senate members elected every 6 years.

Article II: creates president and Vice President elected every 4 years.

Article IV: guarantees each state a representative form of government.

Checks and Balences

Each branch of the government has a way of checking up on each other's actions.

A president vetoing a bill Congress wants to pass and Congress tries to pass it again by doing a 2/3 vote on it and Judicial branch then can declare the bill unconstitutional.

Article I: Congress has the power to impeach, try, convict, and remove from office. President can veto a law.

Article II: President appoint Supreme Court Judges and Justices.

Article III: Judicial Branch can declare a bill or an act unconstitutional.

Individual Rights

Personal freedoms protected by the Constitution, Bill of Rights, and the laws of the US.

Ex. Bill of Rights- personal freedoms protected, due process law protected.

14th Amendment - all people are citizens.

Limited Government

Government has restrictions and can't break the laws and must follow them.

President, Congress, and Supreme Court must follow all the laws.

Article 1 Sec. 9&10: Outlines all the things that government cannot do.

Article 4: Constitution is supreme law of the land and is more powerful government official or department.

Bill of Rights: Guarantees individual rights to the people that limits the power of the government.


Power is divided between the federal and the state governments.

Ability to declare war and ability to make state laws.

Article 1 Sec. 8: Lengthy list of all the powers of Congress.

Article 10: Shows the powers that the states have but what Federal doesn't.