The Battle Of North Africa

the campaign that changed the war

How it started

The north Africa campaingh started on June 10, 1940, with the Italians joining the war. Africa was wanted for many reasons, including land control and oil. italy was not alone in Africa for long though, with the British joining on June 14, and taking the Italian fort Cappuzzo. this was followed by the Italians launching a counteroffensive taking the Brithish held Sidi Barrinri in september. Then, in 1940, the nazis came to help the italians, sending the german afrika corps, hoping to reinforce a wore out italian army. Many battles followed, for the control of Libya and parts of egypt, reaching a turning point with the second battle of el alamein, with the brithish forces forcing the axis powers back to tunisia. 2 uneventful years followed and then in late 1942 the allies launched an attack called Operation Torch, giving the allies control and northeast Africa and then circiling the axis powers in tunisa, forcing an axis surrender.

why it was important

The African campaign was important in the war because it gave the allies acsess to oil, land control, and the immediate downfall of the facist Italian government, forcing the axis powers to lose an ally and in turn become weaker.
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