Bullying

Student's Guide to Stop Bullying

Compelling Question

How can we prevent bullying in our communities?






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Background Information

Supporting Questions


  • How is bullying defined?
  • How can we stand up for ourselves and one another?
  • What are the consequences of bullying?

Bullying Defined

Bullying is defined as the "unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time.


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Verbal


  • teasing
  • name calling
  • inappropriate comments
  • taunting
  • threatening harm



Social


  • leaving someone out purposefully
  • telling others not to befriend someone
  • spreading rumors
  • embarrassing someone publicly



Physical


  • hitting/kicking/pinching
  • spitting
  • tripping/pushing
  • taking or breaking someone's things
  • mean or rude hand gestures
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Kindergartners Taking a Stand

  • teaching tolerance
  • confidence in themselves (Mr. Lohman interview)
  • include others
  • be kind and polite to everyone (Ms. Ellison interview)

Consequences of Bullying

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Four Steps for Inquiry

Step 1: Identify the Problem

  • Bullying
  • What does bullying mean?
  • How can we prevent bullying?
  • How can we stand up for ourselves and others?
  • What are the effects/consequences of bullying?


Step 2: Research the Problem

  • Books
  • Images
  • Videos
  • Unbiased material


Step 3: Examining Solutions Using Evidence

  • Discussion
  • Questing finding further
  • Examine solutions as a class
  • Allow for individual/group thinking


Step 4: Communicating Solutions and Taking Informed Actions

  • Talk about different solutions students came up with
  • Incorporate solutions such as inclusion at recess etc.
  • Practice acceptance and tolerance
  • Take the pledge

Resources

Take the Pledge

As a Kid Against Bullying, I will:

  • Speak up when I see bullying.
  • Reach out to others who are bullied.
  • And be a friend whenever I see bullying.


Image: http://www.pacerkidsagainstbullying.org/kab/how-can-you-help/take-the-pledge/

TEKS


  • English.K.9. Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Culture and History. Students analyze, make inferences and draw conclusions about the author's purpose in cultural, historical, and contemporary contexts and provide evidence from the text to support their understanding. Students are expected to identify the topic of an informational text heard.
  • English.K.19. Research/Research Plan. Students ask open-ended research questions and develop a plan for answering them. Students (with adult assistance) are expected to: (A) ask questions about topics of class-wide interest.
  • English.K.19.b. gather evidence from provided text sources.
  • SS.K.11. Culture. The student understands similarities and differences among people
  • SS.K.14.b. obtain information about a topic using a variety of valid visual sources such as pictures, symbols, electronic media, print material, and artifacts.
  • SS.K.16.a. use a problem-solving process to identify a problem, gather information, list and consider options, consider advantages and disadvantages, choose and implement a solution, and evaluate the effectiveness of the solution.
  • Health.K.2.f. identify how to get help from a parent and/or trusted adult when made to feel uncomfortable or unsafe by another person/adult.
  • Health.K.8. Personal/interpersonal skills. The student understands ways to communicate consideration and respect for self, family, friends, and others.

Sources

Eriksen, Tine Louise, Helena Skyt Nielsen, and Marianne Simonsen. “The Effects of Bullying in

Elementary School.” The Elementary School Journal 108.5 (July 2012): 1-47. Web.

Global Children’s Fund. “Bullying Facts; Facts on Bullying.” Bullying Facts; Facts on Bullying

n.d. Web.

Gov.“Bullying Definition.” Bullying Definition. Federal Government.n.d.Web.

M. Ellison, personal communication, April 18, 2016.

Morrow, Michael T., Steven D. Hooker, and Rebecca Lynne Cate. “Bullying and Bullying

Prevention: The Middle School Teachers’ Perspective.” PsychEXTRA Dataset (n.d.). Web.

Pacer. “Take the Pledge.” National Bullying Prevention Center.n.d.Web.

S. Lohman, personal communication, April 22, 2016.