By Melissa Field and Molly Saturley
What is bone cancer?
Figure 1 (U.S. National Library Of Medicine)
Symptoms of Bone Cancer
Impacts on Life
-Cut down on alcohol
-Give up tobacco
Figure 2 (Spirit Science)
Keep your stress levels down
Figure 3 (Psychology Today)
-Increase your variety of food intake
-getting to and staying at a healthy weight
Figure 4 (Faith Medicine)
Bone cancer causes fatigue so it is important to be rested
Figure 5 (Solutions RSS
Bone cancer makes it hard to exercise but exercise helps you to feel better physically and emotionally
Figure 6 (Learn To Live)
Some people die from getting bone cancer, but not most.
Figure 7 (Alternative Press)
Figure 6 (Learn To Live)
Prevalence of Bone Cancer
The most common ages are between 10 and 19.
Figure 9 (GGCWiki)
This is mainly in older adults but the risk increases with age. This cancer rarely occurs in children or adolescents.
Figure 10 (Bone Chapter)
This most commonly occurs in children or adolescents under 19. Boys are affected way more than girls are and this form of cancer is very rare in African American children.
Figure 11 (Cancer Therapy Advisor)
Figure 10 (Bone Chapter)
How is Bone Cancer Diagnosed?
-Blood tests, imaging and physicals can help detect cancer
Bone cancer can have same symptoms as bone tumors
Cancer will not always look solid on x rays, they will look like holes in the bone or the tumor around the bone
CT scans seeing if cancer moves to lungs, liver or organs.
Biopsies require tissue from the tumor to be observed under a microscope
- If the tumor is cancerous, doctors can tell if it was initially bone cancer or if it was spread throughout the body.
What Are Some Causes of Bone Cancer?
Bone cancer can be hereditary
- Bone cancer is also caused by abnormal cell growth and uncontrollable cell division
What Happens at the Cellular Level?
Cancer cells take glucose
Cancer cells create very little ATP
Cancer cells do not listen to body signals which control cell division
Cancer cells use normal cells to supply tumors with nutrients
- cancer cells use the immune system to keep dividing cells
Treatments of Bone Cancer
Surgery is the usual way people remove the tumor. The surgeon will remove the whole tumor and the tissue around it (just to be sure).
Chemotherapy is another treatment that uses anticancer drugs to "cancel out" the cancer. It usually takes a combination of drugs to remove it.
Radiation Therapy, or radiotherapy, is using high energy x-rays to zap out the cancerous tumor. Some may decide to use this with surgery to be sure the tumor is gone.
Cryosurgery uses liquid nitrogen to freeze and kill the tumor's cells. This method can be used as an alternative to surgery.
-Why didn't the skeleton cross the road? Because he didn't have the guts...
-Why is your nose in the middle of your face? Because it is the scenter...
-I'm patelling you this, it's going tibia okay...
-My jokes are pretty humorous aren't they....
-Why are graveyards so noisy? Because of all the coffin...
-What? A telephone? Nah, I'm using a telebone...
*whispers* you are sooo welcome
Works Cited - Molly
"Diagnosis." National Cancer Institute. National Cancer Institute, 9 Mar. 2015. Web. 23 Dec. 2015.
This is a credible source because it is written and published by doctors for cancer patients and common knowledge. The public can not edit these articles, only medical professionals can edit the articles and they are medically revised after each article is posted. The American Cancer Society is an official cancer treatment center with locations all across America, specializing in the treatment of all kinds of cancer. This article was published and medically revised very recently, and the American Cancer Society is constantly updating their website and looking for cures and treatments. This source is not biased, very factual and true, and would be used to inform the public on the diagnosis of bone cancer.
What Is Cancer?" National Cancer Institute. National Cancer Institute, 9 Feb. 2015. Web. 23 Dec. 2015.
Society, American Cancer. "Do We Know What Causes Bone Cancer?" Do We Know What Causes Bone Cancer? American Cancer Society, 25 Feb. 2015. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.
EMIS Group. "Myeloma." Patient. EMIS Group, n.d. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.
"Bone Cancer." Detailed Guide. American Cancer Society, n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.
This site is a credible topic because it is a nonprofit organization that specializes in researching cancer. They have top notch doctors/researchers working around the clock to find cures. The reputation of the American Cancer Society is well known for being a nationwide voluntary health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer. Some obvious bias would be that cancer is bad (which it is), but I don't think this type of bias is a bad thing. The information is updated all the time. Whenever their researchers find something new or that has changed, they'll fix the article. Some information may have changed from when it was first published but with the researchers updating it, there is nothing to worry about. This source goes into a lot more depth than any of the others. I think this is because the American Cancer Society is a whole organization dedicated to researching cancer. I can see why they would give a lot of information. Not only is there background information, but all of the other types of information as well. There is a section to hear about peoples stories and another where you can talk with a doctor. This source covers everything i'd need to know about bone cancer.
Academic Journal (Honors)
Thompson, Stephen W.N., and David Tonge. "Bone cancer gain without the pain." Nature Medicine 6.5 (2000): 504+. Science in Context. Web. 20 Dec. 2015.
"Bone Cancer: MedlinePlus." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.
"What Happens 20 Minutes After You Quit Smoking: A Timeline of How Your Body Heals." Spirit Science. N.p., 29 Sept. 2015. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.
"Dealing With the Stress of Others." Psychology Today. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.
"Mindful Eating - Faith & Medicine." Faith Medicine. N.p., 15 Nov. 2015. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.
"Sleep Paralysis Info - Symptoms, Causes & Solutions." Sleep Paralysis Info Symptoms Causes Solutions RSS. N.p., 20 Nov. 2014. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.
"The Effects of Exercise on Social Anxiety | Dr. Russ' Blog." Learn To Live. N.p., 23 July 2014. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.
"Taking Back Sunday Discusses Their Work with American Cancer Society."Alternative Press. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015
"Osteosarcoma (17p13.1)." - GGCWiki. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.
"General." Bone Chapter (nontumor and Tumor). N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.
"Bone Cancer Symptoms and Diagnosis." Cancer Therapy Advisor. N.p., 27 Jan. 2014. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.
"Death Rates." Death Rates. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.