Baseball and Science

The science behind why baseball is played in the summer

How does Summer occur?

Earth's tilt (23.5 degrees) makes it so we have seasons. When it is summer time, the Earth is tilted toward the sun, making the direct sun radiation hit above the equator. With most of the sun's radiation above the equator, it is hotter in the north, causing summer. Earth's orbit around the sun, believe it or not, has nothing to do with temperature. The Earth is closest to the sun in January, when it is winter. In July, the Earth is farthest from the sun, when it is summer. That just goes to show you that how close Earth is to the sun has nothing to do with the seasons and temperature. Just like when McCutchen swings, he tilts his bat when he hits the ball. When he hits the ball, the ball will hit the top half of the bat if it is tilted upward. If he tilted the other way, the ball will hit the bottom half of the bat.

Why McCutchen can hit dingers during the summer

When it is hot outside, the oxygen particles are more spread out, causing less friction on the baseball. When McCutchen hits the ball, the ball will go significantly further than in the spring, fall, and winter. So, in theory, McCutchen will hit more home runs during June, July and August than in March, April, May, September, October, and maybe November.
Andrew McCutchen Walk-Off Home Run vs. Cardinals

Daylight Hours

During the summer, there is more daylight, making more time for McCutchen to practice and get better. During the winter, there is less daylight hours, making Andrew to go inside and hit dingers in the cage.

Similar Seasons

All of the seasons are similar in the way that, around the equator, they are basically the same, all year round. The middle of the Earth doesn't tilt much, so the equator always has a lot of sun radiation, making it hot.

http://www.planet-science.com/categories/under-11s/our-world/2010/09/four-seasons.aspx

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Different Seasons

The seasons are different in the way that, at the poles, seasons change dramatically. During the summer at one pole, it is light for six months, while during the same time, it is winter at the other pole, where it is dark for six months. This change in seasons makes it so there is only one sunrise and one sunset a year, and this habitat is unsuitable for McCutchen to hit dingers.

http://www.planet-science.com/categories/under-11s/our-world/2010/09/four-seasons.aspx

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