Martin Luther King
Best Influenced The United States in The 1960s
Martin Luther King Philosophy
During the civil rights movement, Martin Luther King Jr. captured the attention of the nation with his philosophy of nonviolent resistance. Prior to becoming a civil rights leader, King entered a theological seminary in 1948 where he began to concentrate on discovering a solution to end social ills. He believed the philosophy of "turn the other cheek" and "love your enemies" applied only to conflicts between individuals and not racial groups or nations. However, after reading about Mahatma Gandhi and his teachings, he changed his mind. King was struck by the concept of satyagraha, which means truth-force or love-force. He realized that "the Christian doctrine of love operating through the Gandhian method of nonviolence was one of the most potent weapons available to oppressed people in their struggle for freedom.
Martin Luther King Accomplishmemts
Dr King's Accomplishments where numerous. Some of his major achievements included :
- Being an advocate for nonviolent protest in the Memphis sanitation worker strike
- Providing leadership in the Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955
- His famous "I Have a Dream" speech
- Being instrumental in establishing the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, which was a civil rights organization that supported the philosophy of non-violence
"Change does not roll in on the wheels of inevitability, but comes through continuous struggle. And so we must straighten our backs and work for our freedom. A man can't ride you unless your back is bent." - Martin Luther King Jr.
Facts About Dr. King
- Born January 15, 1929, as Michael King Jr. His father was Michael King Sr. Which Then Changed his name to Martin Luther King Jr in the 1930s.
- On September 20, 1958 , King Was Stabbed By Izola Ware Curry , In which made Dr King Go to the hospital and almost died if it would have hit his main artery.
- Dr King skipped two grades in high school and in 1944, at the age of 15, enrolled at Morehouse College, the nation's only black college for men. He earned a bachelor's degree in sociology in 1948 at the age of 19.
- In 1964, King won the Nobel Peace Prize. At the age of 35, he was the youngest person to ever win the Peace Prize. He remains the youngest man ever honored, although Malala Yousafzai was 17 when she won in 2014. He donated the $54,000 prize money -- about $400,000 today -- to the ongoing civil rights movement.
- King is a Grammy winner. He posthumously won in 1971 for Best Spoken Word Album for "Why I Oppose the War in Vietnam." The speech from which the album was made was delivered April 30, 1967, at Riverside Church in New York City.