SMORE project

Brendan's SMORE project

Environmental issues of Canada

Canada faces many environmental issues, the polluting of the great lakes, overuse of natural resources and over extraction of timber are only a few of those problems, and i will be addressing all three in this article. The great lakes is located between Canada and the U.S and it is a major source for industry and water between the two countries. The lakes' pollution causes many people to go thirsty and hungry, because fishing is practiced in the great lakes, and laws being past to help un-pollute the lakes' water is causing people to lose their jobs and industries to shut down. Acid rain in the great lakes vicinity is causing the water to be dangerous to drink, it to be dangerous to fish in some places, and even there not to be any fish at all in other places! The acidic precipitation destroys plants, sickens and kills animals, but, surprisingly most of the pollution comes from the United States. Both Canada and the U.S are trying to rid the great lakes of it's pollutant, but the pollution has already impacted the great lakes' environment, and the environments around it.

Many people make their living in the mining industry in Canada, extracting many valuable resources from the Canadian Shield, including gold, silver, copper, zinc, lead, iron ore, uranium, and nickel. But the mining of the Canadian Shield is one of Canada's many environmental issues, the land around mines can be damaged and the environment ruined. During the mining process, sulfur dioxide can be soaked into the air, producing acid rain and killing nearby vegetation and lake animals. After many repeated times of mining in the Canadian Shield, even with reclaiming the land, the environment can be destroyed or damaged beyond reasonable efforts to repair.

The Timber Industry in Canada is Canada's worst economic problem. Canadian's have made timber a very important resource to the economy, Canada produces a surplus of wood-products, including lumber, plywood, wood pulp, and many types of paper. But there are many defects to the environment in mass deforestation, wildlife is destroyed when forests are uprooted, it removes a important filter of pollutants because forests filter out pollutants and chemicals and produce oxygen from it. Many homes for plants and animals, or wildlife, is destroyed in deforestation, and many possible areas for human recreation is removed. The removal of trees does not only do what i have listed, erosion may be increased, and water quality may be reduced as well. Who knows? Canada may be prey to a second Dust Bowl because of the increased erosion problems from deforestation. Without forests many economical problems arise, there may well be many more economical problems with deforestation than I've listed, but deforestation is a major economical problem that Canada must fight off in its never ending battle.

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Canadian Government

Canada is many types of government crammed into one, it is a constitutional monarchy, a parliamentary democracy, and a federation. Canada is included into all these types and systems of government, The reason for this is that Canada's government is a mix of a constitutional monarchy, a parliamentary democracy and a federation. All three of these government types and systems is a part of Canada's whole government.

Canada Is, first, a constitutional monarchy because Canada's constitution lists the powers of the government, but the British monarch is the real leader of Canada's government. Britain's monarch chooses a governor-general to act in their place, but has no interaction with Canada otherwise.

Canada also has a federal government system, which shares power between the national government and the ten provinces and three territories. Some responsibilities of the federal government are: providing national defense, trading, banking, immigration, criminal law, and postal services. Provincial governments are responsible for education, property rights, local government, hospitals, and provincial taxes. Territorial governments carry fewer responsibilities but still practice self-government.

Lastly, Canada is a parliamentary democracy. Canada's government is divided into legislative and judicial branches, the parliament being the legislative branch of government. The parliament, or legislative branch, is composed of the House of Commons, the Senate, and the governor-general. Canadian Citizens elect representatives to the House of Commons while the governor-general chooses people from the ten provinces and three territories to sit in the Senate. The leader of the party with the most elected members of parliament acts as the Prime Minister, or the head of government. The Prime Minister and cabinet makes up the executive branch of government which is part of the legislative branch of government.

Citizens of Canada have a good number of personal freedoms and voting rights. Canadian citizens have the right to vote, is allowed to vote at age 18, but citizens are not forced to vote. Canadian citizens have a fair number of personal freedoms, a few are: freedom of conscience and religion, freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression, including freedom of the press and other media of communication, freedom of peaceful assembly, and freedom of association. Citizens of Canada play a good portion of a role in government, and, of course, of their own daily lives. Citizens vote for representatives to the House of Commons, which, in turn, determines who will be the Prime Minister.