Santa Fe

New Mexico

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Important People to the Settlement

Spanish people were the inhabitants of Santa Fe, but several people played a key role in its development. The individual conquistadors, Francisco de Coronado---who explored the area--- and Don Pedro de Peralta--- who was the first to officially settling Santa Fe--- were not only searching to extend their religion and nation, but also to increase their personal wealth. Spanish Catholics immigrated to Santa Fe. Those who originally settled the area were those with the conquistadors, Don Pedro de Peralta. Don Juan de Onate was the first official governor. Don Juan de Onate was the first official governor of a place 25 miles from Santa Fe in 1598, but when he Don Pedro de Peralta took over, and moved Santa Fe to its current location in 1609. After Santa Fe had been taken by Pueblo Indians, in 1680, Don Diego De Vargas was the one to reconquer Santa Fe, in 1692.

Why did Spanish immigrate

Conquistadors believed it was a mission for God. They were also looking for ways to increase their personal wealth by settling in America. They also wanted to convert Pueblo Indians to Catholicism, and spread their religion through missionaries.

Where they settled and why

The colony, Santa Fe was located in the southwest of the United States, just east of the Rio Grande River, in present day Santa Fe, New Mexico. Spain wanted to settle Santa Fe, in order to extend their territory north of Mexico. They also settled there because there was large areas of land from the natives giving them room for livestock and farming. Santa Fe was probably settled, because they were near the Santa Fe river for trade. There were many natives in the area who had religion that Spain disagreed with and they were eager to convert them.

Impact on Natives

Pueblo Indians were the original inhabitants of Santa Fe and the area around it, before they were forced to relocate.They also wanted to convert Pueblo Indians to Catholicism, and spread their religion through missionaries. Pueblo Indians revolted in 1680, but the Spanish overthrew them in 1692. The Pueblo Indians then formed alliances with Comanches, Navajo, and Apache tribes. They fought greatly with the Spaniards, and both sides suffered greatly.

Hardships ans struggles

On their way over to America the Spaniards faced many hardships. They faced a lack of economic opportunities and religious discrimination. There also wasn't a good amount of sustainable farm life during the droughts causing them to have less supplies and more shortages. Their also was fighting between the natives. There was extended raids on Santa Fe and wars. Disease also affected the conquistadors and natives as well. Due to the distance there was to travel there was a lack of Spaniards. This caused a weakness against natives due to lack of numbers in war and raids.

Culture, Religion, and Economics.

Culture, Religion, and Economics had a great impact on Santa Fe. Spanish became a widely used language on behalf of settlements under Spain. Religion played a key role in the development of Santa Fe. Conquistadors believed they were on a mission for god. Spanish greatly tried to convert natives to Catholicism, which may contributed to conflicts. By 1617, eleven churches had been built by missionaries. Spain was at the time a closed empire so trade was limited to British and French. Since most British and French settlements were far away there was little trading to be done. This did leave them lacking desired items, and forced them to be more self-reliant.

Impact on America's History

Santa Fe's background has a major impact on what it is today.The new settlers had a major impact on the natives bringing diseases, famines, and they destroyed growing settlements and small civilizations. They also disrupted agriculture and social plans. They also brought salve labor.Since their settlement has a very native background they still use their traditions today such as Indian markets, hand made pottery and blankets, music settings, and art and house styling (adobe).They also feature many Native American art museums and music festivals. There are also many impacts on the economy as well. For example, their culture and history attracts thousand of tourist to the city every year bringing in large amounts of money for the city. Spaniards were very religious, and Catholicism is very widespread in the area and other places with Spanish influence. The Santa Fe Trail was established, which brought the east and western United States together. The Santa Fe Trail also increased the United States productivity, and cultural diffusion.

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