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All about Islam

The God for Islam is called Allah and those that worship Allah are called Muslims. Holy sites for Muslims are the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem and Mecca in Saudi Arabia.

The Holy Book in Islam is called the Qu'ran. Religious practices include the Five Pillars of Islam which are the concepts and acts of worship. These five pillars include:

  • Muslims have to pray five times a day facing the Mecca every time they pray.
  • Fasting and self control during Ramadan.
  • Giving 2.5 percent of their savings to charity or the poor.
  • Muslim's faith statement is that there is only one God named Allah and Muhammad is his prophet.
  • Hajj is the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a person's life.

Muslims believe that Muhammad is Allah's last prophet. Previous prophets are Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus. However, Muslims believe that those texts have been misinterpreted or and altered over time and that the Qu'ran is the unaltered and final revelation of God.

Muslims have Friday prayers at the Mosque (place of worship) where loudspeakers are often used during worship. Mosques also serve as a place for Muslims to meet and study. They believe in following Islamic law.

A few leaders are the Imam (prayer leader), Mullah (teacher), and the Muezzin leads call to prayer, traditionally from high atop the minaret. The two denominations are the Sunni and Shiite.

Their Holy Days are Ramadan (celebrates Allah giving Muhammad a message) and Eid al Fitr (celebrates end of Ramadan with gifts, food, family and thanks).

Islam is one of the three monotheistic religions. A common figure among all three is Abraham and they all believe in one God.