Mauryan Dynasty

By Blake and Mohid

What is the Mauryan Empire?

The Mauryan Empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 326 B.C.E in northern India. Chandragupta, his son Bindusara, and his grandson Ashoka, combine the entire subcontinent and established the first great Indian empire.

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The Mauryan empire was split and subdivided into serveral

provinces, villages, and districts whose chief were selected by the state. The old customary law, guarded and run by the Brahmin priesthood,

was superseded by a broad code that provided for royal conflict. A series of courts ranging from the village court presided over by the leaders to the emperor's imperial court administered the law.

Social Structure (Caste System)

The Caste System determines whom a person can marry, specifies what kind of work a person can do, and even controls what he can eat or touch.

All Hindus are divided among four varna and a fifth group, known as the untouchables.

Under the rank Sudra are the untouchables, who are supposedly unclean from birth and are therefore assigned jobs that would "pollute" the higher classes. These include working with sewage or disposing of dead animals.

The caste system is directed by groups called Jati. Each jati has some unique job, but not everyone in the jati performs it. Jati ranking exists and is very much related to purity and pollution.

Religion

There religions where Buddhism mostly and there were also some Jainism and Hindus

Jainism is a religion that had no founder but had 24 teachers that lead the way and they believed in deep respect to all living things.the government did not care what religion you where so it was religious freedom.

Government

The government had a king and the king was Ashoka and he treated everyone as his children. He also cared about the publics opinion. Ashoka had ministers that would advise him In making decisions.Ashoka also didn't have all the power of the government.the empire has 4 provinces and each of the provinces had a prince or governor ruling it. And the princes or governors where selected by the people. There where also fines as a punishment and property tax.

Writing and Languages

Mauryan had about 3 different languages, including Pali, Prakrit and Sanskirt.

Sanskrit is one of the official spoken languages of India and It is considered as the mother of all languages. It belongs to the Indic group of language family of Indo-European and its descendents which are Indo-Iranian & Indo Aryan. This is the only language that is used in holy functions and ceremonies of Hindus, as it has always been regarded as the sacred language of the religion.

The writing was used by lots of people including the Buddhist emperor, Ashoka. Many of Ashoka's pronouncements were carved into stone pillars.

Technology/Contributions

The Mauryans contributed to us know because of there art, government and architecture. The way they contributed to the art and architecture was because they used to make huge stone pillars that where fifteen to twenty meters tall and have a sculpture of an animal on it which in that time was unheard of.the Mauryans also had a good government for that time to.

Artifacts

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Primary Source Document

Chandraguptas prime minister kautilya chanakya wrote the Arthashastra, considered one of the greatest treatises ever produced on economics, politics, foreign affairs, etc. The Arthashastra and the edicts of Ashoka serve as primary sources of written records of the Mauryan times.

Analysis/Conclusion

The Mauryan empire came to be one of the worlds largest empires in its time, and the largest ever in the Indian subcontinent. It had stretched all long the natural boundaries of the Himalayas to south west Pakistan, and the Hindu Kush (Afghanistan). As a young prince Ashoka was a brilliant commander who has crushed revolts in Ujjain and Taxila. When the annexation of Kalinga( which was an early republic in central eastern India) was completed, Ashoka embraced the teachings of Buddhism, and renounced war and violence. He sent out missionaries to travel around Asia to spread Buddhism to other countries.
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Citations

Social Structure-

"Jati: The Caste System in India." Asia Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Sept. 2014. <http://asiasociety.org/countries/traditions/jati-caste-system-india>.


Blackwell, Amy Hackney. "jati." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 20 Sept. 2014.



"jati." ABC-CLIO Solutions. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2014. http://ancienthistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/595976?terms=Caste+system.


Primary Source-

"Maurya Empire." - New World Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Sept. 2014. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Maurya_Empire.


Writing System-

"Sanskrit Language." , Sanskrit Literature, History Of Sanskrit, Vedic Sanskrit, Origin Of Sanskrit.. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Sept. 2014. <http://languages.iloveindia.com/sanskrit.html>.



"Mauryan Empire." Time Maps. Time Maps, n.d. Web. <http://www.timemaps.com/civilization-the-mauryan-empire>.


Calkins, Philip B. "India." India. Britannica, n.d. Web. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/285248/India/46858/Mauryan-government>.


"Maurya Empire." Indiannetzone. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.indianetzone.com/5/maurya_dynasty.htm>.